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Cancer Treatment in India includes the use of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, medication, and surgery to cure, treat, control, or alleviate the symptoms of any type of cancer. Cancer Treatment in India can remove, kill, or destroy cancer cells in certain areas of the body using chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Cancer treatment can slow the spread of cancer or damage malignant cells, preventing them from regenerating. 

Cancer Treatment in India can be administered in a variety of methods, including:

  • Primary treatment: It entails totally removing or killing cancer cells.
  • Adjuvant therapy: It was used to destroy cancer cells that remained after initial treatment.
  • Palliative care: It is a type of treatment that provides symptomatic alleviation caused by a cancer tumour or the cancer treatment itself.

A combination of each of the following therapies is administered to a cancer patient, depending on the type of cancer and its location. There are various Types of Cancer Treatment Available in India, such as:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgical treatment
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Clinical trials 

The Course of Cancer Treatment in India is usually determined by the type of cancer, the size of the tumour, the location of the tissues and its surrounding tissues, the person’s age, and whether or not other treatments are being used. Also, the Cost of Cancer Treatment in India is oftenly reasonable as compared to other developed countries.

For patients suffering from serious cancer, a combination of several cancer treatments may be used to block the growth or spread of cancer to surrounding healthy cells, tissues, and organs.

Types of Cancer

1.Breast Cancer – Breast cancer begins in the breast tissue. It happens when breast cells mutate (alter) and develop uncontrollably, resulting in a lump of tissue (tumour). It can also spread to other parts of your body and cause new tumours to grow. This is referred to as metastasis. Breast cancer symptoms differ from person to person. Breast cancer symptoms may include: Change in size and shape, lump formation, color change of nipples and fluid discharge from the breast. 

Breast cancer treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted medication therapy. What’s best for you is determined by a number of factors, including the location and size of the tumour, the results of your lab tests, and whether the cancer has spread to other regions of your body. Breast Cancer Surgery: The cancerous portion of your breast and an area of normal tissue surrounding the tumour are removed during Breast Cancer Surgery in India. Depending on your situation, there are various types of surgery available, including:

  • Lumpectomy
  • Mastectomy
  • Sentinel Node Biopsy
  • Radical Mastectomy

2.Leukaemia – Leukaemia is a blood cancer characterised by the rapid proliferation of abnormal blood cells. This uncontrollable growth occurs in your bone marrow, where the majority of your body’s blood originates. Leukaemia cells are usually immature white blood cells. The four main types of Leukaemia are: Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL), Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia (AML), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL), and Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia(CML).

Routine blood tests may alert your doctor that you have an acute or chronic form of leukaemia that necessitates further investigation.

Treatments for Blood Cancer in India vary depending on the type of leukaemia, your age and overall health, and whether the leukaemia has spread to other organs or tissues. Common treatment for leukaemia includes: 

  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted Drug Therapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Hematopoietic Transplant (Stem or Bone Marrow Transplant)
  • Car T-Cell Therapy
  • Lung Cancer

Lung cancer refers to tumors that begin in the lungs, most commonly in the airways (bronchi or bronchioles) or small air sacs (alveoli). Cancers that begin somewhere and spread to your lungs are usually termed by their origin (your healthcare professional may refer to this as cancer that has spread to your lungs). Lung cancer is a disease that develops as a result of uncontrolled cell division in the lungs. Damaged cells that divide uncontrollably form masses of tissue, or tumors, that eventually prevent your organs from functioning properly.

Each stage has multiple size and spread combinations that can fall into that group. For example, the primary tumour in a Stage III cancer may be smaller than in a Stage II cancer, but other characteristics may place it at a later stage. The general staging lung cancer is from Stage I to Stage IV. Lung cancer diagnosis can be a prolonged procedure. By performing a physical examination (such as listening to your heart and lungs). Because the symptoms of lung cancer are similar to those of many other, more prevalent conditions, your provider may begin by ordering blood tests and a chest X-ray.

Treatment for Lung cancer in India is intended to either eliminate or slow the growth of cancer in your body. Treatments can assist to eliminate malignant cells, keep them from proliferating, or direct your immune system to fight them. Some therapies are also used to alleviate symptoms and pain. Your therapy will be determined by the type of lung cancer you have, where it is located, how far it has progressed, and a variety of other factors.

Surgery, radiofrequency ablation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted medication therapy, and immunotherapy are all options for lung cancer treatment.During surgery, To ensure that no cancer cells are left behind, your surgeon may remove the tumour and just a small amount of healthy tissue around it. For the best chance of the cancer not returning, physicians may have to remove all or part of your lung (resection).

3.Prostate Cancer – Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland situated below the bladder and in front of the rectum in male. Prostate cancer is a hazardous condition. Fortunately, most men get diagnosed with prostate cancer before it extends beyond the prostate gland. Treatment at this stage frequently results in cancer elimination.If you have prostate cancer, it is most likely an Adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinomas begin in the cells of glands that release fluid, such as your prostate. Prostate cancer is rarely formed from other types of cells.

Screening tests can determine whether you have prostate cancer symptoms that        necessitate further investigation. Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer in India can be done by – Digital rectal exam, Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test.

4.Surgery: A damaged prostate gland is removed during a radical prostatectomy. It can frequently eliminate prostate tumours that have not spread. If the doctor believes you would benefit from this procedure, they can propose the optimal removal approach. Types of surgeries include: Open radical prostatectomy & Robotic radical prostatectomy.  

Other than surgery, different Types of Prostate Cancer Treatment in India are as follows: Radiation Therapy, Hormone Therapy, Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Targeted Drug Therapy, HIFU & Cryotherapy as well as Photodynamic Therapy. 

5.Liver Cancer – Liver cancer is a potentially fatal disease that is one of the world’s fastest increasing cancer types. There are two types of liver cancer: primary and secondary. Primary cancer begins in your liver. Secondary cancer spreads to your liver from another region of your body. Healthcare providers, like many other types of cancer, can do more to Treat Liver Cancer in India in its early stages. There are three types of primary liver cancer: Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Intrahepatic Cancer, Angiosarcoma.

When liver cancer is in its early stages, you may not notice any symptoms. The signs and symptoms of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC) are similar: Lump below your rib cage, Jaundice, unexplained weight loss, fatigue and dark coloured-urine.If your doctor discovers liver cancer signs and symptoms during your physical examination, they may believe you have the disease. To discover more, they can order the following tests: Blood Test, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Angiogram and Biopsy. HCC and IHC are commonly treated by healthcare providers with surgery to remove a portion of your liver, liver transplantation, and liver-directed treatments such as hepatic artery embolisation and ablation. They may also use chemoembolization, radiation treatment, radioembolization, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, among other things.

6.Pancreatic Cancer – Pancreatic cancer develops when cells in your pancreas mutate (alter) and multiply uncontrollably, resulting in the formation of a tumour. The pancreas is a gland located in the abdomen (belly), between the spine and the stomach. It produces hormones that regulate blood sugar levels as well as enzymes that aid in digesting. Most pancreatic cancers begin in the pancreatic ducts. The main pancreatic duct (the Wirsung duct) connects the pancreas to the common bile duct. The two main types of Pancreatic cancer are: Exocrine Tumor & Neuroendocrine Tumor.

Symptoms usually appear when the tumour begins to affect other organs in your digestive tract. Symptoms of pancreatic cancer may include: Jaundice, Nausea & vomiting, Upper abdominal pain, Dark urine, Itching, New-onset diabetes.If you’ve recently got diabetes or pancreatitis — a painful condition caused by pancreatic inflammation — your doctor may suspect pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer symptoms may differ from traditional pancreatic cancer symptoms like jaundice or weight loss. Diarrhoea and anaemia are two possible symptoms.Pancreatic cancer is difficult to detect in its early stages. This is because medical professionals cannot feel your pancreas during standard checkups, and these tumours are difficult to see on routine imaging tests.

If your doctor suspects pancreatic cancer, he or she will order a series of pancreas function tests, which may include: Imaging Tests (MRI, CT Scan, PET and Endoscopic ultrasound), Blood test, Staging laparoscopy  and Genetic Testing.

Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer in India is determined by a number of factors, including:

The tumor’s precise position, stage, Your general well-being, The extent to which the cancer has gone beyond your pancreas. Treatments for pancreatic cancer include: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy and Targeted Therapy.

Surgery: Pancreatic cancer can only be cured by surgery. However, surgeons only recommend treatment if they believe they can remove all of the malignancy. Otherwise, there is little to no advantage.The cancer must be totally contained to the pancreas for surgery to be successful. Even then, complete cancer removal may be impossible.Depending on the location and size of the tumor, there are a few distinct surgical techniques: Whipple Procedure, Distal Pancreatectomy, Total Pancreatectomy, 

7.Oesophagus Cancer – Oesophagus cancer develops when malignant cells in your oesophagus tissue grow and form a tumour. Although esophageal cancer is a deadly disease, many patients may not detect symptoms until the cancer has spread. This is because your oesophagus extends to accommodate huge objects, such as large bites of food. As the tumour grows, it begins to close the esophageal opening. You may have difficulty swallowing or realise that swallowing hurts. There are types of esophageal cancer: Adenocarcinoma & Squamous Cell Carcinoma. The first symptom that patients may notice is difficulty swallowing. Other signs and symptoms include: Severe vomiting, heart burning sensations, Chronic cough and unintentional weight loss.

8.Heart Disease 

1.Atrial Septal Defect (ASD): A hole in the atrial septum (the wall that separates your heart’s two upper chambers (atria)) is known as an Atrial Septal Defect (ASD). ASD is a congenital heart defect (something you are born with) that occurs when the septum fails to form properly. It is also known as a “hole in the heart.”

An atrial septal defect is one of the most prevalent types of congenital cardiac defects in children. Some babies born with an atrial septal defect have other cardiac defects or genetic diseases. Among the linked cardiac defects are:

  • Mitral valve disease.
  • Pulmonary stenosis.
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD).

2.Left Ventricular Assist Device

A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a mechanical pump implanted in patients with heart failure. The device assists your heart’s lower left chamber (left ventricle) in pumping blood from the ventricle to your aorta and the rest of your body. It’s called a left ventricular assist device because it helps your left ventricle. A left ventricular assist device is employed for individuals who have advanced heart failure. It serves as a bridge to transplant for patients awaiting a heart transplant. It can also aid those who aren’t heart transplant candidates. Destination treatment is what healthcare providers term it.

A left ventricular assist device is not a viable therapy choice for everyone suffering from heart failure. If you have any of the following conditions, you may not be a candidate for an LVAD:

  • Disorders of blood coagulation.
  • Kidney failure that is irreversible.
  • Serious liver disease.
  • Severe pulmonary disease.
  • Infections that are resistant to drugs.

3.Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment

A ventricular septal defect is a condition in which you are born with a hole in the wall between your heart’s two bottom chambers. This disorder, sometimes reduced to VSD, is the most common congenital (meaning you have it from birth) heart defect and frequently occurs alongside other forms of heart abnormalities or defects. A tiny VSD is usually insignificant, with few or no symptoms. A larger hole, on the other hand, may need to be fixed to avoid irreversible harm and difficulties.

Almost all VSDs exist at birth. A VSD diagnosis is most likely to occur during childhood, while adults can still be diagnosed. However, this occurs in just 10% of the cases. VSD is also more common in premature babies and babies with certain hereditary disorders.The great majority of VSDs are too small to create any problems, and they will most likely shut on their own by the age of six. In such circumstances, a healthcare expert is likely to advise against surgery and instead to monitor symptoms and see if the defect closes on its own. When VSDs are moderate in size or greater, your doctor would most likely advise you to repair the VSD by closing the hole.

The following are the two primary methods for repairing a VSD:

  • Surgery: Surgically closing a VSD is the most dependable method. To accomplish this, a cardiac (heart) surgeon will perform surgery to patch or plug the hole.
  • Transcatheter Procedures: These procedures, like cardiac catheterization, use a transcatheter (catheter-based) technique to access the heart via a major artery. When the catheter device reaches the defect, it can insert a specialised device known as an occluder to close the hole.

9.IVF Treatment in India – In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves the fertilisation of sperm and eggs outside of the human body. IVF is a difficult treatment that involves extracting eggs from the ovaries and manually mixing sperm and eggs in a laboratory to fertilise the eggs. A few days following fertilisation, the fertilised egg, now known as an embryo, is placed into a uterus. Pregnancy develops when this embryo embeds itself in the uterine wall.

IVF is the most successful type of assisted reproductive technology in India. The procedure is possible to the utilisation of the couple’s own sperm and eggs. The eggs, sperm, or embryos of a known or unknown donor may also be used during IVF. A gestational carrier, a woman who has had an embryo implanted in her uterus, may be used on occasion.

IVF success rates in India are determined by a number of factors, including your age and the underlying cause of your infertility. IVF can also be costly, inconvenient, and time-consuming. If more than one embryo is implanted in the uterus, IVF might result in multiple pregnancies.The procedure of IVF in India primarily entails manually injecting sperm into an egg, fertilising the egg, and then inserting the fertilised egg into the uterus. This is accomplished in six key steps: 

  • Hormone Regulation
  • Stimulation of Production of the eggs
  • Retrieving the eggs
  • Fertilisation in the laboratory
  • Maturing the Embryo
  • Implantation of fertilised embryo into the uterus

Best Hospitals in India 



Fortis Hospital, Gurgaon – Fortis hospital, Gurgaon is a NABH-certified multi-specialty tertiary care hospital that is renowned for its skill in the fields of cardiac sciences, renal sciences, neurosciences, gastro sciences, emergency & trauma, critical care, and organ transplants. It is situated in Gurgaon India.

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi – Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi is know as the best Cardiology Hospital in Delhi. Indraprastha Apollo hospitals, New Delhi is one of the best heart institutes for issues concerning heart and its valves. It location is in Mathura Rd, New Delhi, Delhi 110076. 

Manipal Hospital, Dwarka, Delhi – Manipal Hospital is recognized as the Best Geriatric Care Hospital in Delhi for offering holistic care for elderly people. It is located in Delhi, Palam Vihar, Sector 6, Dwarka New Delhi 110075, India. Manipal Hospitals Dwarka, New Delhi is a super-specialty hospital with seamless integration and paperless services.

HCG Cancer Centre, Bangalore – One of the top cancer hospitals in India is HCG Cancer Hospital. It has a chain of 24 comprehensive cancer facilities across the country that provide state-of-the-art cancer tests and top-notch cancer treatments. It is also hospital in Asia that performed the first bloodless Bone Marrow Transplant. It is located in Bangalore, HCG Tower, No. 8, P Kalinga Rao Road, Sampangi Rama Nagar,

Amrita Hospital, Faridabad – The hospital offers a wide range of specialties like cardiology, neurology, oncology, orthopedics, and more. With state-of-the-art facilities and excellent medical care services, patients can expect nothing but the best at Amrita Hospital Faridabad.The hospital provides a wide range of fields, including orthopedics, oncology, cardiology, and more. Patients can expect nothing less than the best at Amrita Hospital Faridabad thanks to its cutting-edge amenities and first-rate medical care services. It is located in  Mata Amritanandamayi Marg, Sector 88, Faridabad, Haryana 121002.

Global Hospital, Mumbai – Global Hospital, Mumbai is Western India’s most renowned multi-organ transplant centre. The hospital is equally renowned for its clinical work in Hepatobiliary and Liver Surgeries, Surgical and Medical Gastroenterology, Kidney disease management and Neuro Sciences.  It address is at 35, Dr. E Borges Road, Hospital Avenue Opp Shirodkar High school, Parel, Mumbai Maharashtra 400012 India.

Apollo Hospital, Greams Road, Chennai – The Apollo Hospital in Chennai’s Greams Road is renowned for performing numerous multi-organ transplant surgeries, including liver, kidney, corneal, heart, intestinal and GI, pancreas, and paediatric transplants. It address is at  21, Greams Lane, Off Greams Road Chennai Tamil Nadu 600006 India.


India’s healthcare sector is far more evolved and developed than that of many other world leaders. This has placed India in an excellent position as a healthcare tourism destination. India is home to cutting-edge hospitals that serve patients from all around the world. India’s hospitals have world-class facilities, and the country’s Top Kidney Transplant Surgeons are exceptionally talented and skilled, with many years of expertise. Furthermore, the two most appealing qualities that attract medical tourists are the quality of care and the availability of fairly priced therapy. When superior quality is available at a reasonable price, it is an unmatched advantage that has done wonders for Indian medical tourism.

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