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8 Things You Should Know About A Heart Bypass Surgery

The Heart is a muscular organ located at the center of the circulatory system. It pumps blood throughout the body and sends nutrients, and oxygen-rich blood to other parts of the body. It also carries away carbon dioxide and unwanted waste. The heart also helps in the regulation of blood pressure. It consists of four chambers including 2 atrium and 2 ventricles. The chamber work by contracting, and relaxing to pump blood throughout the heart.

When a material of blood, known as plaque, builds up on arterial walls then less amount of blood flows to the heart muscle. During that time, the heart is deprived of enough blood and is more likely to get exhausted.  A Heart Bypass Surgery is recommended by the doctor when coronary arteries are blocked, or narrowed. The blockage is too severe that it cannot be treated with medications.

What Is Heart Bypass Surgery

Blockage of the coronary artery can reduce the blood flow in the heart, and cause heart attack-like symptoms. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), also known as heart bypass surgery is a procedure of restoring oxygen-rich blood flow in areas of the heart. This surgery creates a new path for blood flow near a blocked artery. A healthy vessel from a different part of the body is taken, and connected below the narrow or blocked coronary artery. 

When Does A Person Need Heart Bypass Surgery

Heart bypass surgery is essential for treating coronary artery disease. It is recommended when a person experiences severe chest pain because of narrow coronary arteries, and it cannot be treated with medications or angioplasty. There are some other symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, abnormal heart rhythm, indigestion, etc that indicate the requirement for heart bypass surgery. 

Steps To Follow Before A Heart Bypass Surgery

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a major surgery, and you have to undergo a wide range of preparations and tests like electrocardiogram (ECG), X-ray angiography, blood tests, nuclear cardiac stress test, etc. The healthcare provider will provide the information, and resources to prepare, and follow the steps before surgery. 

    • Exercise regularly, eat healthy, and nutritious food items. 
    • Discuss pre-existing illnesses, and medications with the doctor.
    • Plan your expenses during the entire procedure. 
    • Quit smoking 2-3 weeks before the surgery.
    • Limit the intake of alcohol to avoid any complications. 

How is a Heart Bypass Surgery Performed

A heart bypass surgery is performed by one of the Best Cardiologists In India. This procedure can be 4 to 6 hours long, depending upon the type of surgery. The foremost step is giving anesthesia to the patient. The cardiac surgeon bypasses a blocked or narrowed artery, and forms a new pathway. A blood vessel graft is removed from a different body part. Later, an incision is made in the chest to access the heart. The heart stops working for some time but it is kept alive by medications. A heart-lung machine keeps the blood flowing throughout the body. The surgeon attaches the graft above, and below the blockage to create a new route for oxygen-rich blood flow to reach the heart. After the electric shocks, the heart starts functioning properly, and the incision is then sutured. 

What Is Multiple Bypass Surgery

The surgery of a single blocked or narrowed artery is termed a single bypass operation. In this case, a single graft is required. If there is a blockage in more than one artery, multiple bypass surgery is essential. The surgeons may also perform:

  • Types of Heart Bypass SurgeryDouble Bypass Surgery: If the blockage is in two arteries, then two blood vessel grafts are mandatory. 
  • Triple Bypass Surgery: If the blockage is in three arteries, then three blood vessel grafts are essential. 
  • Quadruple Bypass Surgery: If the blockage is in four arteries, then four blood vessel grafts are required. 

Cost of Heart Bypass Surgery 

The Heart Bypass Surgery Cost In India depends on several factors such as location, choice of hospital, cardiologist, and the procedure of bypass surgery. The overall cost of heart treatment in India is very budget-friendly, and affordable in comparison to other countries. Bypass surgery is a long-term solution to blockage in arteries due to which the patient needs lesser medications that make economically cheaper solutions to heart problems in India. Cost of Heart Bypass Surgery in india starts from USD $.3200

India has state-to-art-facilities facilities and top specialists who are well-known across other countries for their knowledge and expertise. Furthermore, Patients seeking heart bypass surgery have access to the Best Heart Hospitals In India, which offer moderate healthcare packages, premium medical tools, and include other accommodations like travel, lodging, and food costs into account with the availability of the latest treatment, and world-class healthcare facilities. 

Benefits & Risks of A Heart Bypass Surgery

Some of the potential benefits of a heart bypass surgery are given below: 

  • Reduced injury to the heart 
  • Lesser heart rhythm problems
  • Increased survival rate
  • Better quality of life
  • Restoration of oxygen-rich blood 
  • Short hospital stay
  • Less mortality rate 

Risks of A Heart Bypass Surgery

With any bypass surgery, there are several risks associated with it. The risks depend upon the condition of the patient, and the type of procedure performed. The complications are given as follows: 

  • Bleeding
  • Chest infection
  • Blood clot 
  • Kidney damage 
  • Memory loss
  • Arrhythmia 

Recovery After Heart Bypass Surgery

  • Hospital Stay: After the coronary artery bypass surgery, a person needs to stay in the hospital for a few days, or weeks depending upon the patient’s condition after surgery.
  • Heart Rhythm Check: A patient remains connected to the breathing tube and drains. The tubes are also attached to the chest area. The healthcare providers keep monitoring the connected devices, and remove them when unrequired. The heart rate, and rhythm need to be monitored accurately. 
  • Medications: Medicines advised by the doctor are given through IV to reduce pain, and complications such as blood clots.  
  • Rehabilitation: Cardiac rehab helps in improving heart’s health through counseling, education, and exercise. The team will encourage a patient to start moving, and walking at the hospital untill the time of discharge. 

References: 

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