Multiple Myeloma Treatment Cost in India
- The estimated cost of Multiple Myeloma treatment in India is between USD 11000 to USD 13000.
- The cost of treatment is dependent upon the stage.
- The patient must shell out 15 times in hospital and 20 days out of the hospital.
- Tests Necessary to diagnose Multiple Myeloma are Complete Blood Count, Blood Calcium Degrees, Urine Tests, Electrophoresis, Kidney Function Tests, and Imaging Tests.
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell cancer. The immune system relies on normal plasma cells, which are present in the bone marrow. The immune system is made up of various cell types that collaborate to fight infections and other disorders. T cells and B cells are examples of lymphocytes (lymph cells), which are one of the main types of white blood cells in the immune system. Lymphocytes can be found in a variety of places throughout the body, including lymph nodes, bone marrow, the intestines, and circulation.
The length of treatment for multiple myeloma is determined by the patient’s age and overall health, as well as cancer stage. Treatment can take as little as three months or as long as a year or more, depending on the stage of myeloma and how cancer and the patient respond to it.
What is Multiple Myeloma?
Kahler’s disease, often known as multiple myeloma, is a kind of blood cancer. Although there is no cure, therapy can help to decrease the disease’s progression and occasionally even eliminate symptoms.
Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to fight infections in the body. These cells multiply incorrectly when you have multiple myeloma. They allowed an excessive amount of protein (called immunoglobulin) to enter your bones and blood. It accumulates in your body and harms your organs.
Plasma cells in your bones crowd out ordinary blood cells. They also release substances that cause other cells to chew your bones away. The weak spots in your bones caused by this are known as lytic lesions.
Plasma cells pour out of your bone marrow and spread as multiple myeloma progresses. As a result of this more organ damage will be developed.
Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma:
Initially, symptoms Might Not Be present or might be non-specific,
- Loss of desire
- low blood counts
- Low RBCs result in anemic with reduced Hb having difficulty in walking, weakness in doing routine tasks
- Reduced WBCs Resulting in susceptibility to disease
- Decreased platelets causing bleeding
- Bone pain – Bone pain impacts nearly 70 percent of patients and is now the most frequent symptom.
- High calcium levels Result in constipation, increased thirst, nausea, and confusion
- Kidney failure or damage due to abnormal protein deposition or raised calcium levels.
What are the Causes of Multiple Myeloma?
Myeloma is thought to start with a single aberrant plasma cell in your bone marrow, which is the soft, blood-producing tissue that fills the middle of most of your bones. The aberrant cell proliferates quickly.
Because cancer cells do not mature and subsequently die like regular cells, they collect and eventually outnumber healthy cell creation. Myeloma cells squeeze out healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, causing exhaustion and an inability to fight infections.
Myeloma cells, like healthy plasma cells, continue to try to make antibodies, but they produce aberrant antibodies that the body can not employ. Instead, aberrant antibodies (monoclonal proteins, or M proteins) accumulate in the body, causing issues such as kidney damage. Cancer cells can also cause bone deterioration, increasing the chance of breaking a bone.
Multiple Myeloma Treatment Cost in India
( Indian Rupees Approx. 8,40,000 )
Diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma:
Multiple myeloma can be tricky to diagnose because it originally has no or few symptoms.
First evaluation —
The doctor will check for bleeding, signs of disease, and certain regions of bone regeneration. If guessed multiple myeloma, you’ll be referred to a hematologist.
Tests for Multiple Myeloma:
- Complete blood count: to Confirm the Number of blood cells, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), or plasma viscosity (PV).
- Blood Calcium Levels
- Urine tests: To test for abnormal proteins created by cancerous plasma cells found in urine.
- Electrophoresis: to quantify immunoglobins from the body.
- Kidney function tests: assess the amount of blood urea nitrogen to test for the Operation of the kidneys.
- Imaging evaluations: CT Scan, MRI, X-ray to Search for bone Issues.
Bone marrow biopsy is generally required to validate multiple myeloma. A needle will be used to have a tiny sample of bone marrow, usually conducted under a local anesthetic, the sample of bone marrow is going to be utilized to check for cells that are cancerous.
Risk Factors of Multiple Myeloma:
The reason for multiple myeloma is usually unknown.
Factors may include:
- Increasing era: Your risk of multiple myeloma increases as you get older, with the majority of individuals diagnosed in their mid-60s.
- Male sex: Guys are more likely to develop the disorder than are girls
- Exposure to radiation
Therapy of Multiple Myeloma
There’s presently no treating multiple myeloma, however, therapy can often help restrain it for many decades.
The first treatment of multiple myeloma is dependent upon the individual’s age and overall health of the individual. Treatment is intended following identification and staging.
Treatment will often demand:
Infection therapy –
- Targeted treatment: Targeted medication treatment focuses on particular abnormalities in cancer cells that enable them to survive.
- Palliative treatment: Biological treatment uses the human own body’s immune system to fight myeloma cells. These medicines are generally taken in pill form.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs kill cells that are hastened, such as myeloma cells.
- It’s not curative but does extend overall survival and total remission.
- Allergenic stem cell transplantation, the transplantation of a healthy individual’s stem cells to the affected individual.
- Radiation treatment: During radiation treatment, the myeloma cells have been destroyed by large beams of energy.
- Treat anemia
- Bone pain and fractures, use of bisphosphonates
- Adequate hydration to prevent calcium accumulation and kidney damage
Myeloma that yields following a period of being in control following therapy are known as perennial myeloma or relapsed myeloma, Anti-myeloma medications to control cancer when it comes back.
Factors Affecting Multiple Myeloma Treatment Cost in India
The cost to the individual is dependent upon a number of factors such as:
- The clinic, the individual chooses.
- Type of Space
- Fee for the Group of physicians
- Standard evaluations and diagnostic processes.
- Price of Chemotherapy/ radiotherapy
- Price of stem cell transplantation
- Cost of supportive therapy
India is a popular medical tourism destination, especially for its world-class cancer treatment facilities. Hospitals provide a diverse range of therapies and services at affordable prices. The country also offers world-class treatment and standardized medical services, thanks to cutting-edge technology. The hospitals in India’s largest cities, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Chennai, are equipped with the most advanced equipment for treating blood cancer. Hematologist-oncologists are doctors that specialize in blood cancer and have committed their lives to learning more about their profession and finding better therapies and treatments.
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is the survival rate of multiple myeloma?
A: Patients with multiple myeloma have a five-year survival rate of 49 percent on average. Survivability percentages vary widely depending on a variety of circumstances, including the stage of the disease. Your doctor will review your test findings and talk to you about your specific situation.
Q: What factors are considered while developing a treatment plan for multiple myeloma?
A: Multiple myeloma treatment is determined by the following factors:
- Medical and laboratory testing
- general health
- Complications and symptoms
- Treatment for myeloma in the past
Q: What are the reason for kidney damage in multiple myeloma?
A: Proteins released by malignant cells damage the kidneys, which is the most prevalent cause of renal failure in patients with multiple myeloma. In addition, increased bone resorption produces hypercalcemia, which leads to nephrocalcinosis and kidney failure.
Q: How is a bone marrow transplant is performed?
A: A stem cell transplant, often known as a bone marrow transplant, is a treatment that replaces damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow.
Blood stem cells are harvested before a bone marrow transplant. The damaged bone marrow is then destroyed with large doses of chemotherapy. The stem cells are then injected into your body, where they go to your bones and begin regenerating bone marrow.
Q: How long will the treatment for multiple myeloma last?
A: The length of treatment for multiple myeloma is determined by the patient’s age and overall health, as well as cancer stage. Treatment can take as little as three months or as long as a year or more, depending on the stage of myeloma and how cancer and the patient respond to it.
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