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Cancer that originates in the cells of your liver is known as liver cancer. In the top right portion of your abdomen, above your stomach and below your diaphragm, is where you’ll find your liver, a roughly basketball-sized organ. Hepatocellular carcinoma, which starts in the primary kind of liver cell (the hepatocyte), is the most prevalent form of liver cancer. Hepatoblastoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma are substantially less common.

Numerous improvements in the treatment of liver cancer have been made recently. Surgery to remove liver cancer can be a successful liver cancer treatment option for some individuals, but it’s not right for everyone. Doctors now have additional alternatives to explore for their patients as researchers continue to unearth novel and cutting-edge therapies.

Liver cancer treatment cost in India is less expensive than it is in other developed countries. The achievement was made possible in part by the advanced medical technology used in Indian institutions as well as the knowledge of oncologists and surgeons. In addition to these benefits, one of the major factors boosting India’s reputation abroad is its ability to provide affordable liver cancer treatment in India without compromising clinical standards.

What is Liver Cancer

When aberrant cells begin to proliferate and expand in an uncontrolled manner, cancer results. The cells may ultimately spread to other parts of the body and develop into the tissues or organs in the vicinity. 

A cancer that begins in the liver is called liver cancer. It may also be referred to as primary liver cancer. Primary cancers are called for the bodily part where the disease originally emerged. 

Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Live cancer signs are hardly evident at an early stage and are usually recognized when cancer has progressed.

The signs of certain liver cancer include:

  • Upper abdominal pain, usually on the right side or back, and shoulder pain
  • Nausea, Nausea
  • Appetite Loss
  • Sentiment of fullness
  • Abdominal swelling and distension
  • The unexpected loss of weight
  • Fatigue and Weakness
  • A fever
  • Jaundice

Causes of Liver Cancer in Your Body

The DNA of healthy liver cells can get damaged, leading to liver cancer. The genes that instruct our cells how to operate are carried by DNA. Everybody has genes that control when cells divide, proliferate, and die. For example, oncogenes encourage cell division and expansion. Tumor suppressor genes are other genes that maintain track of cellular activity, preventing uncontrolled cell growth and ensuring that cells pass away when they should.

Our cells receive new instructions whenever our DNA is altered or mutated. HCC DNA mutations activate oncogenes and/or silence tumor suppressor genes. For instance, research indicates that more than half of all instances of HCC are caused by cirrhosis brought on by the hepatitis B and C viruses. These viruses modify the DNA of the liver cells they infect, transforming normal liver cells into malignant ones.

Stages of Liver Cancer

The stage of cancer is a significant factor suggesting the degree and severity of the cancer’s spread. This helps to formulate a treatment plan and to assess the prognosis of liver cancer and directs cancer specialists. The phases are typically grouped according to the progression of cancer into four stages:

Step 1: Cancer remains confined to the liver and does not spread to surrounding organs or other body parts.

Step 2: There may be multiple small liver-only tumors or one tumor that has spread to a blood vessel.

Step 3: There are either several large tumors or one tumor that has spread to the large main vessel of the blood.

Step 4: This is an advanced stage in which cancer has metastasized to other areas of the body and has spread.

India’s liver cancer doctors consider the stage and various individual variables to create a tailor-made customized plan for each patient. They are aimed at treating a cancer patient with a holistic approach to removing as many as possible cancer cells.

Liver Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Affordable Liver Cancer Treatment Cost in India starts from INR 3,33,000 (4,000 USD). The extent and satisfaction of medical care and offerings are equivalent to the ones located within the top hospitals in the world. Even after travel, accommodations, and meal expenses are deducted, the complete Liver cancer treatment cost in India is less.

Factors That Can Affect the Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment in India

The important factors that can affect liver cancer treatment in India are:

  • Form of doctor-recommended treatment
  • Hospital choice: location and accreditation
  • Experience of the Doctor
  • Hospitalization Period
  • Additional medical examinations, if applicable
  • Medication costs
  • Liver Cancer Treatment in India prices can depend on the type of hospital and rooms you stay.

You may also be interested in Liver Transplant Cost in India

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Diagnosis of Liver Cancer

To diagnose liver cancer, a number of physical exams and imaging tests are used.

Doctors may prescribe the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Checks for blood
  • Tests with Ultrasound
  • Scans with computed tomography (CT)
  • Imaging of Magnetic Resonance (MRI)
  • The Angiograms

A liver biopsy may be recommended by the doctor, too. A thin needle is inserted through the skin of the upper abdomen and into the liver during a biopsy to obtain a sample of tissue. Under the microscope, a small piece of liver tissue is examined to search for malignancies. Often to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer, a biopsy is required. There is a chance of bleeding, swelling, and infection due to a liver.

Types of Liver Cancer Treatment

Treatment options for liver cancer depend on the condition’s severity (stage), your age, general health, and personal preferences. Following are the type of treatments used for liver cancer treatment in India.


The following procedures are used to treat liver cancer:

Tumor removal with surgery:

If your tumor is tiny and your liver function is excellent, your doctor may in certain cases advise a procedure to remove the liver cancer and a little portion of surrounding healthy liver tissue. Whether this is a choice for you also relies on where in the liver the cancer is located, how effectively your liver works, and how healthy you are in general.

Transplantation of the liver:

Your damaged liver is removed during a liver transplant surgery, and replaced with a more healthy liver from a donor. Only a limited number of persons with early-stage liver cancer have the option of undergoing liver transplant surgery.

Radiation Therapy

This therapy shrinks tumors by destroying cancer cells with a powerful energy from sources like protons and X-rays. The energy is carefully directed into the liver while the surrounding healthy tissue is spared. If alternative treatments aren’t feasible or haven’t worked, radiation therapy may be a possibility. Radiation treatment may help manage symptoms of advanced liver cancer.

You lie on a table during an external beam radiation therapy treatment as a machine targets a specific area of your body with energy beams. Stereotactic body radiotherapy is a specific kind of radiation treatment. 

Targeted Therapy

Targeted medication therapies concentrate on certain faults seen often in cancer cells. Targeted pharmacological treatment can destroy cancer cells by stopping these anomalies.

The treatment of advanced liver cancer can be done using a number of different drugs. Certain genetic alterations in cancer cells are only present in patients who can benefit from targeted therapy. In a lab, your cancer cells may be examined to see if these medications may be beneficial.


Your immune system is used in immunotherapy to combat cancer. Because cancer cells create proteins that make immune system cells blind, your body’s immune system may fail to combat your cancer.

Advanced liver cancer patients are often the only ones who receive immunotherapy therapies.


Chemotherapy employs drugs to eradicate quickly growing cells, particularly cancer cells. Through a vein in your arm, chemotherapy can be administered orally, intravenously, or both ways. Chemotherapy is occasionally used to treat advanced liver cancer.

Palliative Care

Palliative care is a type of specialized medical treatment that concentrates on relieving pain and other severe sickness symptoms. Palliative care experts work together with you, your loved ones, and your other healthcare providers to supplement your ongoing therapy. Palliative care can be used in conjunction with more intrusive treatments like surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.

Palliative care, in addition to all other essential medicines, may help cancer patients feel better and live longer. A group of doctors, nurses, and other professionally qualified professionals offer palliative care. Enhancing the quality of life for cancer patients and their families is the goal of palliative care teams. Along with any curative or other therapies you might be getting, this type of care is available.

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More About Liver Cancer 

Liver cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the liver and causes an irregular mass of cells to grow. In the human body, the liver is the largest gland that performs a variety of important roles, including the removal from the body of toxins and toxic substances. The liver is situated right under the ribs in the upper right portion of the abdominal region.

The main functions that the liver performs include:

  • Bile development is a compound that helps digest fats, vitamins, and other nutrients.
  • Store carbohydrates, such as glucose, to ensure that the body has an energy supply reservoir.
  • Metabolize or break down toxins and medications

The development of liver cancer, which interferes with its ability to function properly, contributes to the death of normal liver cells. The loss of liver function will affect the health and quality of life of an individual dramatically.

Liver cancer may, on the basis of its origin, be categorized as primary or secondary. Primary liver cancer originates from liver cells, while secondary liver cancer arises from cancer cells that migrate to the liver from another part of the body. The cancer cells are capable of metastasizing, i.e. breaking away from the primary position where cancer originated and spreading through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to other organs. These cancer cells then gradually grow and begin to form a tumor in another organ of the body.

Depending on the different liver cells from which they originate, primary liver cancer may be of various kinds. It can begin as a single small lump of abnormal cells, called a tumor, growing in the liver or forming at the same time in several places inside the liver. Research suggests that people with serious liver damage are more likely to have cancer that occurs in several locations.

The following are the major forms of primary liver cancer:

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the type of liver cancer that occurs most frequently. It is also known as hepatoma and accounts for about 75% of all cancers of the liver. In hepatocytes, the primary cells in the liver, this sort of cancer grows. It is more likely to occur in people who have serious liver damage due to heavy consumption of alcohol. HCC, such as the pancreas, stomach, and intestines, can metastasize and spread to other parts of the body.


Bile duct cancer is commonly known as cholangiocarcinoma. Bile ducts, the small, tube-like parts that carry bile to the gallbladder, are formed. A liquid called bile aids in the breakdown of lipids. Of all liver cancer forms, this cancer accounts for 10% to 20%. Cancer that begins within the liver in the portion of the bile ducts is called intrahepatic bile duct cancer. Whereas cancer that starts is called extrahepatic bile duct cancer in the portion of the ducts outside the liver.

Liver Angiosarcoma

This is a special kind of cancer of the liver. Liver angiosarcoma begins in the liver’s blood vessels and can develop very rapidly. Consequently, it is normally diagnosed after it has reached an advanced level.


Hepatoblastoma is an even rarer type of cancer of the liver. This form of cancer is found more frequently in children, particularly those under the age of 3. Once hepatoblastoma is diagnosed in the early stages, similar to many other cancers, the survival rate is over 90 percent. With surgery and chemotherapy, the outlook for patients with this kind of cancer appears to be very strong.

Recommended: Treatment of Liver Cancer by Stages.

How to Choose a Hospital For Liver Cancer Treatment In India

Hospitals that perform liver cancer treatment in India are well-known for their hospitality and patient care services providing the finest cancer hospital and oncologists and surgeons in India. However, choosing a suitable hospital for treatment can be difficult for an international patient. It is a significant decision that must be made with several factors in mind, including:

  • Quality certificates and accreditations
  • Hospital and transportation facility location
  • Team of doctors and surgeons
  • Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment
  • International patient assistance

Why Do Individuals Prefer to Have Liver Cancer Treatment in India

Certainly, India is a popular destination for those seeking liver cancer treatment and medical procedures. Liver cancer treatment cost in India is typically a fraction of the cost of a comparable procedure and consideration in the United States and other developed countries. In any case, the cost may vary depending on the type of medical procedure, the use of inserts, and the patient’s other conditions. As a result, the final charges for liver cancer treatment cost in India given to patients are entirely based on their clinical reports, as well as the patient’s current condition, type of medical procedure, type of room, the specialist’s skill, and hospital brand.

The best hospitals for liver cancer treatment in India provide comprehensive appropriate treatment, including comprehensive pre-operative evaluations, minimally invasive surgical options, and post-operative rehabilitation programs. Patients can expect personalized treatment, individualized attention, and compassionate care at these medical facilities. The hospitals are accredited by top international organizations such as the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) or the Joint Commission International (JCI).

How Can Medsurge India Help?

Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. Our staff will provide you with a list of licensed, renowned, and trustworthy physicians and medical facilities in relation to your medical needs. Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What Kind of Therapy for Liver Cancer May I Expect in India?

For liver cancer patients, Indian hospitals provide a complete range of facilities. The hospitals have dedicated oncology treatment centers of excellence. For various types of treatment practices, these units provide holistic and patient-centric approaches. A careful medical assessment is carried out for each patient, on the basis of which the treatment plan is drawn up. A series of examinations, such as blood tests, imaging tests, and others, will be used in the assessment. Depending on the point, location, and size of the cancer, the patient’s age, and general health status, a multi-disciplinary team of doctors will decide the best treatment choice.

Q: Are Hospitals for Liver Cancer Care Well-Equipped in India?

High-tech comprehensive healthcare facilities with modern infrastructure are the best hospitals for liver cancer treatment in India. The new radiation therapy methods, including 3D conformation, brachytherapy, proton beam, stereotactic radiation system (SRS), IGRT/IMRT with Novalis Tx system, are available in these hospitals.

Minimally invasive procedures, such as robot-assisted surgery, are provided by the surgical department, which can lead to quicker recovery, less postoperative pain, and many other advantages. There are chemotherapy units for a daycare that allow patients to have conventional treatment and go back home the same day. Palliative care services and medical treatment for symptoms may be chosen for advanced-stage cancer patients.

Q: Is Cancer of the Liver Curable?

The advanced stage of liver cancer is diagnosed in many patients as the signs do not become apparent at an early stage. In general, early cancer detection offers greater chances of treatment successfully. Some patients, however, may be eligible for liver transplantation, which provides long-term therapy.

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