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Immunotherapy Cost in India

What is Immunotherapy?

Cancer immunotherapy, also known as “Immuno-oncology”, is a type of cancer treatment that employs the immune system’s potential to prevent, control, and destroy cancer.

Immunotherapy has the ability to:

  • Train the immune system to identify and target specific cancer cells.
  • Boost immune cells to aid in the fight against cancer.
  • Supplement the body with additional nutrients to boost the immune system’s reaction.

Targeted antibodies, cancer vaccines, adoptive cell transfer, tumor-infecting viruses, checkpoint inhibitors, cytokines, and adjuvants are all examples of cancer immunotherapy.

Immunotherapies (also known as biologic therapy or biological response modifier (BRM) therapy) are a type of biotherapy that uses materials from living organisms to combat disease. 

Some immunotherapy treatments are referred to as gene therapies because they involve genetic engineering to improve immune cells’ cancer-fighting capacities.

Many immunotherapy treatments for cancer prevention, management, and treatment can be combined with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or targeted therapies to boost their efficacy.

What is the Immune System?

Your immune system consists of organs, antibodies (proteins), and immune cells that work together to fight disease and infection. 

Immune cells include the following:

  • B-cell lymphocytes: Are white blood cells that create antibodies that combat infections.
  • T-cell lymphocytes: T-cell lymphocytes are white blood cells that hunt down and kill malignant cells. T-cells also signal the presence of pathogenic or alien cells to other cells.
  • Dendritic cells: Are immune cells that interact with T-cells to trigger an immunological response.
  • Granulocytes: Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are white blood cells that fight infections.

How Does Immune System work?

All of the compounds that are regularly found in the body are tracked by the immune system. Any new substance that the immune system does not identify sets up an alarm, prompting the immune system to launch an attack.

These are recognized as “foreign” by the immune system, which attacks them. Anything holding a foreign substance, such as bacteria or cancer cells, can be destroyed by the immune reaction.

The immune system, on the other hand, has a harder time identifying cancer cells. This is due to the fact that cancer begins when normal, healthy cells are transformed or modified and begin to grow out of control. The immune system does not always recognize cancer cells as foreign since they begin in normal cells.

What Are the Types of Immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy is used to treat cancer in a variety of ways. These are a few examples:

  1. Immune checkpoints Inhibitor
  2. T-Cell Transfer Therapy
  3. Monoclonal Antibodies
  4. Treatment Vaccines
  5. Immune System Modulators
  6. Cancer Vaccines

Many factors will influence the medicine kind, dosage, and treatment regimen. The type of cancer, its size, location, and extent of dissemination are all factors to consider. Your age, overall health, body weight, and ability to handle side effects are all factors to consider. Discuss with your doctor why he or she recommends a particular immunotherapy regimen.

Immunotherapy For Lung Cancer

There has been a lot of recent positive news about immunotherapy in lung cancer treatment. Checkpoint inhibitors have become a popular treatment option for advanced lung cancer in recent years.

Immunotherapy is a type of treatment for lung cancer, especially non-small cell lung cancer. It’s also known as biotherapy or biologic therapy.

Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that involves using medications to activate your immune system in order to locate and eliminate cancer cells.

Immunotherapy For Breast Cancer

If breast cancer is detected early, the current treatment options usually include surgery. Breast cancer treatment may include immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or radiation, depending on the stage and molecular characteristics of cancer at the time of diagnosis.

Immunotherapy is a relatively new breast cancer treatment that use your immune system to identify, target, and kill cancer cells. Immunotherapy has the potential to treat recurrent breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer, and triple-negative breast cancer, although chemotherapy and radiation therapy are remain mainstay therapies for breast cancer.

What Should be Expect after Immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy does not always result in tumor shrinkage, unlike chemotherapy. Even when people are in good health, tumors can expand or grow in size when immune cells fight cancer. Pseudoprogression is the term for this occurrence. The word refers to the fact that a tumor may only appear to be getting worse, yet patients may still benefit.

To track therapy response, you’ll need to visit your doctor frequently. Physical examinations, blood tests, and imaging scans may be performed on a regular basis.

How Effective in Immunotherapy?

Individual characteristics, such as disease kind and stage, influence the success rates of any cancer treatment, including immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is generally successful against a wide range of malignancies. While some malignancies are more immunogenic than others, immunotherapy is beneficial in the treatment of a wide range of cancers in general. Immunotherapy, unlike chemotherapy or radiation, can induce long-lasting responses, but only around 25% of patients experience them.

According to certain studies, the immune system may recall cancer cells even after treatment has ended.

Procedure

How Immunotherapy is Used to Treat Cancer?

Immunotherapy is a type of treatment that makes use of specific sections of a person’s immune system to combat diseases like cancer. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways:

  1. Stimulating or enhancing your immune system’s defensive capabilities so that it works harder or smarter to detect and fight cancer cells.
  2. Making compounds that are similar to immune system components in the lab and using them to aid in the restoration or improvement of your immune system’s ability to detect and kill cancer cells.

Immunotherapy has been a significant aspect of the treatment of several cancers in recent times. New immunotherapy treatments are being studied and authorized at a fast rate, as are new techniques of dealing with the immune system.

Some forms of cancer respond better to immunotherapy than others. For some malignancies, it’s used alone, but for others, it appears to function better when combined with other treatments.

The use of Immunotherapy in cancer treatment works better with respect to other type of cancer treatment.

Immunotherapy is used to treat a variety of cancers, including but not limited to the following:

  1. Bladder Cancer
  2. Brain Cancer
  3. Breast Cancer
  4. Head and Neck Cancer
  5. Leukemia
  6. Kidney and Liver Cancer
  7. Lung Cancer
  8. Prostate Cancer
  9. Skin Cancer
  10. Lymphoma
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the disadvantage of Immunotherapy?

A: Side Effects: Some types of immunotherapy stimulate your immune system, causing flu-like symptoms. Weight gain, stuffiness, diarrhoea, and inflammation are all possible side effects. In the area where the drug is applied, you may experience pain, itching, redness, swelling, or soreness.

Q: What are the signs that immunotherapy is working?

A: A tumor that is shrinking or stable is considered a favourable response to immunotherapy. Although treatment side effects like inflammation may indicate that immunotherapy is having an effect on the immune system, the precise relationship between immunotherapy side effects and treatment success is unknown.

Q: Do you lose hair with immunotherapy?

A: Hair thinning is more likely to occur as a result of hormone therapy, targeted cancer medicines, and immunotherapy. However, some people may have hair loss. Hair falls out in the treated area as a result of radiotherapy. Other regions of the body’s hair are normally unaffected.

Q: Can immunotherapy damage kidneys?

A: Acute kidney injury is a common side effect of a variety of medical operations, including cancer treatment. Both chemotherapy and immunotherapy can cause kidney function to deteriorate, which can lead to an increase in cancer patient mortality.

Q: Can immunotherapy cause heart problems?

A: Immunotherapy medications increase the risk of heart issues in cancer patients. A study of over a thousand cancer patients who were given immunotherapy medications discovered that they had a higher risk of cardiac problems, including death from a heart attack or stroke.

Top Doctors
Cancer 

Consultant , MBBS, DNB

Saket, New Delhi, India

Cancer 

Medical Oncology & Hematology

7 Years Experience

Gurgaon, India

Cancer 

Senior Consultant

13 years of experience

Gurgaon, India

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Medsurge India is one of the pioneers and the most reputable company in the field of medical tourism in India. India offers World Class Medical Facilities, comparable with any of the Western and European countries. India has state of the art Hospitals and the finest medical experts. With the most excellent infrastructure, the best possible Medical facilities, accompanied with the most competitive prices, you can get the treatment done in India at the lowest charges. The Availability of Ayurveda and Naturopathy in the purest form makes India the most sought after health destination.

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