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Mitral Valve Replacement Cost in India

Mitral Valve Replacement Cost in India

Mitral valve replacement is a cardiac surgical procedure performed to replace a mitral valve not working correctly. Mitral valve can be found between left heart chambers i.e left atrium and left ventricle. The valve replacement is also an open-heart operation, in a few instances, a minimally invasive operation or a catheter process could be possible.

 

Indications for Mitral Valve Replacement

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis- If a mitral valve doesn’t open completely and limits blood circulation, maybe due to an infection (infectious endocarditis).
  • Mitral Valve Regurgitation – If a mitral valve doesn’t close properly and allows blood to flow into the left atria.
  • severe mitral valve prolapse

 

Signs and Symptoms

Maybe asymptomatic for many years. Signs and symptoms of mitral valve disease may include:

  • Heart murmur on auscultation
  • Easy fatigue
  • Breathlessness
  • Swelling in ankles and feet
  • Irregular heartbeat

 

Tests and Diagnosis

  • Physical Evaluation – to auscultation doctor will notice a heart murmur.
  • Echocardiography- An echocardiogram helps your doctor know the mitral valve and also just how well it is working.
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG can detect enlarged chambers of heart, cardiovascular disease, and abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Stress Tests
Mitral Valve Replacement Cost in India

USD 6,200

( India Rupees Approx. 4,46,000 )

13

Procedure

Before Procedure

  • Regular blood tests are conducted to assess fitness for operation.
  • The patient counseled concerning the process and aftercare.

 

During Procedure

  • The process performed under general anesthesia.
  • IV line added breathing tube is added.
  • Incision produced in the centre of the chest, the surgeon divides sternum to expose pericardium, then opens pericardium to expose the heart.
  • Connects heart to a heart-lung machine, tubes can be utilized to reroute blood into a system that takes over the use of lung and heart through the procedure.
  • The heart is temporarily ceased and blood eliminated, the valve remains and enables the surgeon to view it.
  • The surgeon makes incision round advantages of the valve also replaces it.

 

After Procedure

  • Following valve replacement, the patient normally will need to remain in the hospital for about a week.
  • You’ll be held in an intensive care unit (ICU) for initial days.
  • The action of your heart, lungs, and physiological functions will be carefully tracked, the ventilator is going to be put till you can breathe.
  • Draining tubing — little tubes out of the chest to drain any build-up of fluid or blood.
  • Pacing cables — if necessary, these can be inserted close to the chest drains to control your pulse.
  • Advised to stick to a cardiac rehab program.
  • Avoid strenuous exercise, abrupt breeds, and heavy lifting for three months.
  • You’ll have the ability to carry out normal activities after 4 to 6 weeks.
  • Report to the doctor if any warning signs of disease.
  • Consult with your physician regularly to test for the efficacy of coronary valve.
  • When you’ve got a mechanical heart valve, then essential to take an anticoagulant medicine to help prevent clots.

 

Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery

In endoscopic surgery, your physician gets 1 to 4 small holes on your chest. Surgery is performed through the cuts with a camera and specific surgical instruments.

 

Robotically-Assisted Valve Surgery

The surgeon makes two to four small cuts on the torso, the surgeon uses a particular computer to control robotic arms throughout the operation.

 

Complications of Valve Surgery

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Risk of infections
  • Blood clotting
  • Infection around the artificial valve
  • Stroke
  • Irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia
  • Failure of the new valve
  • Pulmonary edema, pulmonary thromboembolism
  • Renal failure

 

Factors Affecting Cost Of Mitral Valve Replacement

  • The cost to the patient depends on a variety of factors like
  • The hospital, the patient chooses
  • Type of Room
  • Fee for the team of doctors and OT charges
  • cost of medications
  • Standard test and diagnostic
  • cost of the valve
  • Cost of the follow –up care required after the procedure
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is Valve Replacement Surgery?

A: Replacing the older valve from the valve is known as a replacement operation. The surgeon can remove a part or all mitral valve and replace it with a brand new one.

 

Q: What is Mitral regurgitation?

A: Mitral regurgitation is a state wherein the Mitral valve doesn’t shut properly causing blood to flow back into the left atrium and hence into the lung.

 

Q: What is Mitral Stenosis?

A: Mitral stenosis is a state wherein the Mitral valve has been narrowed and doesn’t open enough limiting blood death to the left ventricle.

 

Q: What are the Risk factors for Mitral Valve disease?

A: Risk factors are:

  • Older age
  • History of certain infections that can affect the heart
  • Some congenital heart disease

 

Q: What happens when Mitral Valve disease is not treated?

A: If left untreated Mitral valve disease can cause many complications, including:

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Blood clots
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke

 

Q: How long it takes to recover from Valve Replacement Surgery?

A: The time that it takes to recuperate varies depending on factors like age and general health, normally two to three weeks to recuperate.

 

Q: What are the advantages of Valve Repair over Valve Replacement?

A: Advantages to valve repair instead of replacement include:

  • lower surgical mortality
  • lower risk of stroke
  • lower rate of endocardial infection
  • After mitral valve repair, blood thinners are not required

 

Q: What changes do I need to make after Valve Replacement Surgery?

A: You want to create lifestyle changes, it’s necessary to eat healthily, do regular exercise, not smoke, take regular medicine.

 

Q: When is surgery necessary in Mitral Valve disease?

A: Surgery may be required if the valve has dropped so much that repair isn’t feasible or repair processes have already been performed and may flap no longer be repaired.

 

Q: What are the warning signs after surgery?

A: Warning signs are:

  • Increasing redness, swelling or pain around the wound
  • Pus from the wound
  • Fever
  • Increasing shortness of breath

 

Q: How long will I be hospitalized after surgery?

A: After surgery, you’ll be in the hospital for approximately 7-10 days.

 

Q: What are the advantages of minimally invasive procedures?

A: Minimally invasive procedure has many benefits:

  • Less pain and blood loss
  • Reduced infection chances
  • Faster Recovery

 

Q: Will a repeat surgery be required to replace the artificial valve?

A: Artificial valves last only for a limited time. Having valve surgery again depends on type of valve you have and other comorbid conditions.

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