Small Intestine Cancer Treatment Cost in India
Small intestinal cancer is a rare kind of cancer that affects the small intestine. The small intestine, often known as the bowel, is a long tube that transports digested food from your stomach to your large intestine (colon).
Small bowel cancer develops when healthy cells in the small intestinal lining alter and expand out of control, resulting in a tumor. Tumors can be malignant or noncancerous. A malignant tumor is one that has the potential to grow and spread to other regions of the body.
The term “benign tumor“ refers to a tumor that can develop but not spread. Changes in cells can take a long time to manifest. Although the particular causes of small bowel cancer are not fully understood, both hereditary and environmental factors can produce such changes. As per your medical history and diagnostic report.
The treatment for small intestine cancer in India depends upon the stage of cancer, the medical history, and the health of the patient. The team of specialists will plan your treatment for small intestine cancer accordingly.
The total cost of Small Intestine Cancer Treatment in India is more affordable compared to other developing and developed countries.
How Small Intestine Works?
The digestive system includes the small bowel. It digests food and nutrients so that they can be absorbed into the body. The small intestine is another name for the small bowel. It connects the stomach to the colon, which is the large intestine. The small intestine is separated into three sections:
- Duodenum: The part of the body that is closest to the stomach.
- Jejunum: The part of the digestive system located in the middle section.
- Ileum: The lowest part of the colon, which links to the large intestine.
The small intestine is around 15 feet long, folds numerous times to fit inside the abdomen, and accounts for about 3/4 of the digestive system.
Types of Small Intestinal Cancer
Because the small intestine is made up of a variety of cell types, many cancers can begin here. The following are the four main types of small intestinal cancers:
- Carcinoid Tumor: These tumors are a form of neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with a slower growth rate. Small intestinal tumors of this kind are the most prevalent.
- Adenocarcinomas: These malignancies begin in the gland cells that coat the intestine’s interior walls
- Lymphomas: Lymphocytes, which are immunological cells, are where these malignancies begin. Lymphomas can develop in practically any part of the body, including the small intestine.
- Sarcomas: Cancers that begin in connective tissues, such as muscle, are known as connective tissue cancers. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the most prevalent sarcomas in the intestine (GISTs).
Most specialists believe that small intestine cancer develops similarly to colorectal cancer. It starts as a polyp, a tiny growth on the inner lining of the intestine.
A polyp can develop into a malignancy over time. The duodenum is where most small intestine cancers (particularly adenocarcinomas) start.
What are the Sign and Symptoms of Small Intestine Cancer?
Small intestine cancer symptoms are often unclear and can be caused by other, more common causes. Unfortunately, this implies that it takes at least a few months from the onset of symptoms to the diagnosis of cancer.
The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of small intestinal cancer:
- Pain in the stomach (abdomen)
- Vomiting and nausea
- Unwanted loss of weight
- Weakness and exhaustion (fatigue)
- Stools in a dark color (from bleeding into the intestine)
- Low level of red blood cells (anemia)
- The skin and eyes turn a yellowish color (jaundice)
The pain in the stomach is frequently the first sign. This pain is usually crampy and it is not always there. It could, for example, begin or worsen after you eat.
The movement of digested food through the intestine can be slowed as the tumour grows larger. This can result in further pain. If the tuour grows large enough, it might restrict the gut completely, preventing anything from passing through. This causes severe nausea and vomiting, as well as discomfort.
Other factors are more likely to cause these issues than cancer. Still, if you have any of these, especially if they don’t go away or are growing worse, see your doctor to determine the cause and, if necessary, receive treatment for small intestine cancer.
How was the Diagnosis of Small Intestine Cancer Done?
Small intestine malignancies are frequently discovered as a result of indications or symptoms that a person is experiencing. However, these signs and symptoms are not always adequate to determine whether a person has small intestinal cancer or another form of health problem. Exams and testing will be required to confirm the diagnosis of small intestinal cancer if a tumor is detected.
Medical History or Physical Exam: You will be asked about your symptoms, probable risk factors, family history, and other medical disorders when a doctor takes your medical history. The doctor will then examine you, paying special attention to your abdomen for any swelling or sounds of the intestine straining to clear a blockage. The following test will be performed to confirm the diagnosis of small intestine cancer:
- Blood Tests
- Imaging Tests
- Barium X-rays Tests
- Computed tomography (CT) scan
- Liver Function Tests
Best Cancer Hospitals in India
- Max Hospital Saket
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The Small Intestine Cancer Treatment Cost in India
The total cost of small intestine cancer treatment in India Starts from 40000 USD. The cost of the treatment plan is quite affordable in India as compared to other European countries.
The type of small intestinal cancer you have and how far it has gone determine your treatment options. When providing treatment suggestions, your doctor will consider the following factors:
- Your Symptoms
- Key personal Information
- Medical history
- Current prognosis of cancer in the body
Treatment for small intestinal cancer in India is determined on the kind and stage of the disease. Among the possibilities are:
The treatment of small intestine cancer in India is primarily determined by whether or not the disease can be entirely eliminated through surgery. Cancers that can be entirely excised are referred to as resectable, whereas those that cannot are referred to as unresectable.
Some doctors are also experimenting with chemo or radiation therapy prior to surgery (known as neoadjuvant therapy). The goal is that this will decrease the tumor and make surgery easier, although it’s unclear how effective this treatment will be thus far.
What is the Survival Rate of Small Intestine Cancer?
Small intestine cancer has a worse prognosis than colon cancer, and only surgery improves survival.
The 5-year survival rate is 73 % if the disease has spread to nearby tissues and organs by the time it is diagnosed. The survival rate of small intestine cancer is 43 % if the tumor has spread to other regions of the body.
The duodenum, which is the first portion of the small intestine, is where small intestine cancer develops. The symptoms are frequently confusing and might be mistaken for those of other disorders. This can make it difficult to detect cancer in its early stages.
However, early detection and treatment can considerably improve a person’s outlook, so any unexplained symptoms, such as weight loss or abdominal pain, should be reported to a doctor.
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The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How long is recovery from small intestine surgery?
A: Recovering from a resection of the small intestine
The usual stay in the hospital is six days, although full recuperation from resection surgery takes four to six weeks. The amount of time it takes depends on your health before and after surgery.
Q: What is the meaning of 5 year survival rate?
A: The proportion of people who will live five years after being diagnosed. It excludes people who die as a result of other conditions. Women with cervical cancer, for example, have a 5-year relative survival rate of around 66 %.
Q: What can you eat after small intestine surgery?
A: After a bowel resection, you should be able to drink fluids right away. After a few days, you can begin to eat actual meals. Start with soft foods like cooked vegetables, bananas, avocados, mashed potatoes, and tender proteins, according to your doctor.
Q: Can you live without small intestine?
A: Most people can live without a stomach or large intestine, but living without a small intestine is more difficult. Nutrients must be injected directly into the bloodstream (intravenous or IV) in liquid form when all or part of the small intestine is removed or stops working.
Q: Can the small intestine regrow?
A: Because of its complicated structure and functions, the small intestine (SI) is difficult to regenerate or replace. Recent advances in stem cell research, innovative engineering technologies, and regenerative medicine techniques have given rise to new optimism for resolving SI clinical difficulties.
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