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Gender reassignment surgery (GRS), also known as surgery to change one’s sexual orientation, is becoming more and more common as people become more aware of the numerous medical and aesthetic advancements in body sculpting techniques. In essence, GRS is a choice chosen by people who prefer to live in the opposite sex and are unhappy with the way of life of a particular sex. This is referred to as “gender dysphoria” in medical terminology.

The process of changing one’s gender involves several steps, the most important of which is physical reassignment. Other psycho-social modifications include hormone therapy, mental therapy, pelvic floor physiotherapy, and speech therapy.

What Is Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Gender reassignment surgery is a surgical procedure to modify a person’s physical sex characteristics to correspond with their gender identity. It is an option for those individuals who believe their body does not correspond with their gender identity.

Gender Reassignment Surgery Types and How They Are Performed

There are two distinct surgeries for gender reassignment. They are shortly described along with the procedure.

Male-to-Female Surgery-

This procedure is also known as penile inversion vaginoplasty. In this surgery, a male genital is transformed into female genitalia. The part of the natural penis is transformed into a neo-vagina in a way that it will still be sensitive and active as a natural female genitalia.

Apart from this surgery, the procedure involves modifications of other body parts which will involve processes such as

  •  Breast augmentation.
  • Orchiectomy.
  • Tracheal shave.
  • Facial Feminization Surgery.
  • Voice Feminization Surgery.

Female-to-Male Surgery

The goal of this operation is to reassemble a vagina into a functional penis. Here, the urologist uses implants to create a urethra for standing urination and structures the vaginal parts to form an aesthetically correct phallus. Several distinct surgeries are performed throughout the entire process, including:

  • Metoidioplasty
  • Vaginectomy
  • hysterectomy
  • Phallothorax
  • Scrotoplasty

These operations will be fully tailored to meet your unique needs and expectations. The necessary additional surgeries, such as facial masculinization, hormone treatments for hair growth, and chest reconstruction, will be guided by the surgeon.

How To Choose The Right Option For Gender Reassignment Surgery

Choosing the right surgeon for gender change surgery requires great care because it is an extremely sensitive and permanent decision. Whether the surgery is performed on a male patient or a female patient, the results primarily rely on the expertise and experience of the surgeon as well as other specialists involved in the procedure. Therefore, when you see a surgeon to discuss your options, make sure to ask them some important questions, like:

  • How many successful gender reassignment surgery the doctor has performed?
  • Is there a team of medical professionals who can handle the process perfectly?
  • Does the medical facility have all the standard equipment and prosthetics needed for different types of sex-change procedures?
  • How do they mentor the patients following the procedure?
  • Can they provide a video of their patient’s gender reassignment surgery?
  • Do they have the before and after pictures of their gender reassignment surgery?

Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost in India

Average Gender reassignment surgery cost in India range between Rs. 2 Lakh to Rs. 10 Lakh (2500 USD to 12000 USD). Because of the competitive gender reassignment surgery cost, advanced healthcare facilities, and highly qualified medical staff, the country is a popular sought-after destination for gender reassignment surgeries. The general cost in different cities of India is mentioned below.

Cities Starting Cost Maximum Cost
Delhi 3500 USD 12000 USD
Mumbai 3200 USD 11500 USD
Gurgaon  3000 USD 12000 USD
Noida 2500 USD 11000 USD
Chennai 3500 USD 12000 USD
Kolkata 2900 USD 10500 USD
Bangalore 3000 USD 11000 USD
Pune 3000 USD 11000 USD
Jaipur 2500 USD 10500 USD

The following summarizes the various forms of gender reassignment surgery cost in India. The price is given in US dollars.

Surgery Type Starting Cost Maximum Cost
Male to female 4500 USD 18000 USD
Female to male 4600 USD 20000 USD
Vaginoplasty 2500 USD 5500 USD
Breast augmentation 3000 USD 7000 USD
Clitoroplasty 2000 USD 6000 USD
Mastectomy 2800 USD 8400 USD
Phalloplasty 2000 USD 6800 USD
Metoidioplasty 2100 USD 5800 USD

Note: Please be aware that the costs listed above are only an indication of what the treatment will cost initially and may change depending on several variables.

Factors Affecting Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost in India

Many variables contribute to the overall cost of gender reassignment. Certain factors that affect the gender reassignment surgery cost in India are:

  • The expertise, experience, and reputation of the surgeon.
  • The type of healthcare facility.
  • Cost of diagnostic tests and procedures.
  • Post-operative care.
  • Medication costs.
  • Insurance coverage
  • Geographical location
  • Additional expenses such as travel and accommodation.

How Can Medsurge India Help?

Medsurge India is a reliable organization that assists patients in finding the best care to match their individual needs. If you get in contact with us, we will help you obtain a personalized treatment plan. We can provide you with a list of the most prestigious hospitals and doctors in the world. We can also provide you with a treatment plan that works with your financial situation. In addition, we can help patients with travel authorization and medical visas.

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The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is It Legal To Have Gender Reassignment Surgery in India?

A: In general, gender-affirming treatments like hormone therapy and gender-confirming surgery are permitted in India, including gender transformation. Transgender people are recognized by the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019, which also grants them the ability to change their gender identity on official documents. Transgender people now have certain legal rights and protections, including the ability to self-identify as their gender identity.

Q: Is There a Chance of Breast Regrowth After Top Surgery?

A: There is no regrowth of removed breast tissue. To create the appearance of natural chest contours, some fat will be left behind. It is unlikely that this fat will become feminine-looking, even though it can enlarge like fat anywhere on the body.

Q: What is the Ideal Duration of a Gender Transition?

A: Your unique needs and preferences will determine the duration of your gender transition journey. You may also have voice therapy, hormone therapy, and counseling in addition to surgery. When you feel you have achieved your goals where to begin is entirely up to you.

Q: How Commonly Gender Reassignment Surgery is Performed?

A: Transgender men undergo gender reassignment (confirmation) surgery at a rate of 42 to 54% compared to transgender women’s rate of 28%. Approximately twice as many top (chest) surgeries are performed as bottom (genital) surgeries. Studies evaluating transgender individuals as a whole show that 8–25% have undergone top surgery and 4–13% have undergone bottom surgery.

Q: Is it Safe To Have Gender Reassignment Surgery?

A: Procedures for gender confirmation are risky, just like any other kind of surgery. Because of this, we assess your health in great detail before scheduling surgery. To protect your safety, our knowledgeable staff adheres to best practices.

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