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Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that starts in the retina, the delicate lining that lines the inside of your eye. Although it seldom affects adults, retinoblastoma primarily affects young children.

The nerve tissue that makes up your retina senses light as it enters your eye from the front. The brain decodes the signals that the retina transmits through the optic nerve as images. Retinoblastoma, a rare kind of eye cancer, is the most common type that affects children’s eyes. One or both eyes may develop retinoblastoma.

Retinoblastoma treatment in India is much more friendly as compared to other nations, including pre-examination, surgery, and other expenditures. Both the sophisticated medical equipment used in Indian hospitals and the proficiency of the surgeons are somewhat responsible for the success. Aside from these benefits, the low cost without compromising clinical standards of Retinoblastoma treatment cost in India is a significant element in its attraction to patients around the world.

What is Retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is a rare type of pediatric cancer that develops in the retina of the eye. By working together with the brain it helps you able to see. It is located in the back of your eye and has a layer of cells that helps sense light and send information to the brain.

It mostly develops in children under the age of 5. The stance can depend on many factors, which can include the tumor’s size, the location, and whether the cancer has flared. If the tumor hasn’t flared further into the eye, most children can live cancer-free after treatment.

What Are The Stages of Retinoblastoma?

Staging is a method used by medical professionals to categorize retinoblastoma. They take into account the tumor’s location as well as if it has metastasized, or spread, to other bodily areas such as the brain, bones, or organs. The majority of retinoblastoma tumors are found before they spread to other body parts.

The healthcare team for your child chooses the best treatment strategy using staging data. Stages of retinoblastoma include:

  • Stage 0: There is only an eye tumor. Cancer can be treated by medical professionals without surgery.
  • Stage I: Only the eye is affected by the tumor. The eye can be removed in order to treat the cancer. After treatment, there are no cancer cells left.
  • Stage II: Only the eye is affected by the tumor. After the eye is removed, there are still cancer cells present, but because they are so microscopic, they can only be seen under a microscope.
  • Stage III: The malignancy has progressed to the tissues around the eye socket. Or (stage IIIb), it spreads to lymph nodes in the neck or ear. The body’s immune system is supported by lymph nodes, which are glands.
  • Stage IV: The cancer has spread to several bodily areas. Stage IVa cancer that has spread can harm the bones or liver, whereas stage IVb cancer has spread to the brain or spinal cord.

How is Retinoblastoma Caused?

Retinoblastoma appears when the nerve cells in your retina develop a genetic mutation. These mutations will cause the cells to continue growing and multiplying and lead the healthy cells to die. This amassing mass of cells creates a tumor in the eye.

Retinoblastoma cells will raid further into your eye and the nearby structures of the eyes. Retinoblastoma may also extend to other areas of the body, such as the brain and spine in the body.  It’s not clear what renders the genetic mutation of retinoblastoma in the eye that leads to cancer. Regardless, it is possible for children to inherit a genetic mutation from their parents.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Retinoblastoma?

The first signs and symptoms of retinoblastoma are often the change in the way the eye looks and it can affect one eye or both eyes of the patient. Retinoblastoma symptoms may include:

  • White pupil (leukocoria): Leukocoria or white pupil is mostly the first sign of retinoblastoma in the patient. The pupil will appear white or cloudy. It may consistently be dilated. The pupil may look white on certain angles or in a photo that operates a flash which makes the pupils look red in a flash photo. Seldom, pupils are of distinct sizes.
  • Crossed eyes (strabismus): In a crossed eye or strabismus, the eye can appear misaligned, or one of the eyes can turn in a different direction than the other. Strabismus can range from mild to severe.
  • Red or inflamed eyes: Inflammation and irritation can occur anywhere in the eye of the patient. The eyes can hurt and will be more sensitive.

How Are Retinoblastoma Diagnosed?

Retinoblastoma is typically identified by healthcare professionals using a specialized eye examination. Your youngster will get general anesthesia throughout the examination. During the examination, your youngster is given drugs through a vein while dozing. The retina is examined by the eye specialist using tools and lighting.

In order to determine whether the cancer has spread to other body parts, your child’s doctor may also run imaging tests or other examinations. These tests consist of:

  • Imaging studies: Images of your child’s eyes are produced by imaging tests including MRI scans and ultrasounds.
  • A spinal tap: A spinal tap can find cancerous cells in your child’s spinal and cerebral fluid.
  • Bone marrow biopsy: Your doctor can recommend a bone marrow biopsy to see whether the cancer has progressed to the bones and bone marrow. Large bones include spongy tissue called bone marrow.

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The average cost of Retinoblastoma Treatment in India starts from USD 4700. The choice to have the surgery is based on the patient’s clinical condition as indicated by diagnostic results and clinical symptoms. The price of Retinoblastoma treatment in India can also vary in number of factors.

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How Are Retinoblastoma Treated?

The stage of the disease affects the different treatments. The medical staff caring for your kid will take into account if the cancer is limited to the eye (intraocular retinoblastoma). If it has progressed to other body areas (extraocular retinoblastoma), the treatments may alter. Treatments for retinoblastoma include:

  • Chemotherapy: This involves the administration of medicines through an artery or vein by medical professionals. The medications prevent the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatments for your child could last for several weeks or months.
  • Cryotherapy (also known as cryoablation): To cure cancer, cryotherapy uses extremely cold temperatures (often liquid nitrogen).
  • Laser Therapy: Laser therapy includes photocoagulation and thermotherapy. Providers employ lasers to heat-damage tumors.
  • Radiation: Radiation therapy eliminates cancer cells and prevents their growth. Your child’s doctor might suggest radioactive plaque therapy, a form of radiation, to treat retinoblastoma. Over the tumor, medical professionals attach a plaque, a small device, to the eyeball. The plaque delivers radiation to the tumor directly over a period of days. After therapy, the plaque is removed by the providers, and the tumor gradually gets smaller.
  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the entire eyeball and a portion of the optic nerve located behind the eyeball may be necessary for big tumors. The procedure is known as enucleation. The carer for your child may insert a prosthetic eyeball and lens (similar to a contact lens) into the eye socket.

Factors That Can Affect Retinoblastoma Treatment Cost in India

The entire cost of Retinoblastoma treatment in India can vary depending on a number of criteria, such as. 

  • Prices for Retinoblastoma treatment in India may vary based on the hospital’s preferences 
  • The doctor’s experience and expertise in the field, the patient’s specific condition, including the need for supplementary treatments for the patient.
  • The period of hospitalization required for the patient, and the necessity for post-operative care. 
  • The pricing of Retinoblastoma treatment in India can be influenced by the category of hospital chosen and the type of accommodations opted for during your stay.

These are the main factor that is driving many patients to come visit India from around the globe for medical care. For foreign patients traveling to India, Medsurge India provides the finest Retinoblastoma treatment cost in India at a reasonable cost, all while being supervised by top medical professionals. For more info on a medical visa form click here.

How to Choose a Hospital for Retinoblastoma Treatment in India?

Hospitals that treat Retinoblastoma Treatment in India are renowned for their services in patient care and hospitality. The hospitals that do Retinoblastoma Treatment in India have some of India’s top doctors and specialists who are experts in their professions. For an international patient, selecting a good hospital for treatment might be a bit challenging. It is a crucial choice that needs to be made while keeping a number of things in mind, such as:

  • Quality certificates and accreditations
  • Hospital and transportation facility location
  • A team of doctors and surgeons
  • Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment
  • International patient assistance

How Can Medsurge India Help?

Medsurge India stands as a trusted partner for individuals and patients seeking hospitals, doctors, and specialized treatment worldwide. Our team’s primary mission is to help you discover the finest medical options tailored to your symptoms and specific requirements. Our staff is dedicated to curating a comprehensive roster of reputable, licensed medical professionals and healthcare facilities that align with your budget constraints and to extend our support to facilitate travel authorization, medical e-visa, and a range of other essential arrangements for our patients. 


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