Intestine Transplant Cost in India
Intestine transplantation is a surgical treatment that is used to treat intestinal failure and other issues associated with parenteral nutrition (PN). Conditions that may require an intestine transplant can be discovered at birth or as the child grows older.
Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)
For the rest of the human body’s organs to operate properly, nutrients are required. If they can’t be consumed owing to intestinal failure, they’re given intravenously by complete parenteral nutrition, which involves inserting a catheter into the patient’s neck, arm, chest, or groin. Because using a catheter on a long-term basis increases the risk of infections, bone dislocation, and liver disease, Intestine Transplant in India becomes the only long-term treatment for intestinal failure.
What is Intestine Transplant?
In the case of acute or chronic intestinal failure, an intestine transplant is performed, which involves surgically removing the diseased part of the small intestine and replacing it with a healthy small intestine from a donor.
One of the rarest types of organ transplants in India is this one. However, during the last decade and a half, the number of favorable outcomes and survival rates has progressively increased. Small bowel or small intestine transplant is another name for this procedure.
People who are dependent on TPN for an extended period of time may suffer and require a small intestine transplant. If children are placed on TPN for an indefinite period of time, they are more likely to develop major infections or liver problems.
What is Intestine Failure?
Intestinal failure occurs when the gut’s ability to absorb water, macronutrients, micronutrients, and electrolytes are compromised (IF).
The inability to absorb all of the above aspects will have a significant impact on one’s quality of life.
Acute IF (Phase 1 and 2) is the first stage of the disease and can persist anywhere from weeks to months.
What are the causes of Intestinal Failure?
Before going into detail about the causes, it’s important to note that they can be classified as congenital or acquired, GI or systemic, benign or malignant.
Causes of Intestinal failure are based on the following gastrointestinal conditions:
- Crohn’s Disease
- Celiac Disease
- Motility Problem
- Short Bowel Syndrome
How Intestinal Failure is Managed?
Organ transplants are performed by a surgeon and their team who are experts in this field. This rarely done surgery, as you may have guessed, requires strategic preparation and risk evaluation.
This, combined with anesthetic and dietary knowledge, will greatly improve the odds of survival and success.
This is not a transplant that should be undertaken and accepted by a faint-hearted surgeon who has no idea what they are doing.
How is an Intestine Transplant Performed?
- Precision and laser-sharp focus are used in this procedure.
- During a Small Intestine transplant, surgeons carefully remove the damaged small intestine and replace it with a healthy one, which takes about 8 hours or more.
- Before being used for transplantation, the healthy small intestine is and will always be examined for any anomalies or infections.
- Your blood vessels will be linked to the blood vessels of the transplanted intestine once the diseased bowel is removed. The latter will subsequently be linked to your intestines or whatever remains of them.
- Your surgeon will divert a small portion of your small bowel through a hole in your abdomen called the stoma, according to the rules of an ileostomy.
- Following the procedure, your body’s digestive waste will travel through the stoma and into an external pouch. Your transplant team will be able to examine the health of your transplanted intestine as a result of this.
- Your ileostomy may be closed and your bowel rejoined a few months after the procedure if everything goes according to plan. This will not always be the case, however. As a result, wishing for the best is the most practical course of action in such a situation.
- It’s important to keep in mind that Intestine Transplant in India is tough to plan and execute. As a result, being overconfident in your recovery is both unrealistic and uninformed.
- Allow time for both your body and mind to heal. As you have read, even the surgeon and his or her team will need to plan ahead of time how they’ll approach this procedure in order for it to be effective.
Intestine Transplant Cost in India
Intestine Transplant Cost in India starts from 45000 USD.
What are the Types and Treatments of Intestinal Transplants Possible?
A potential patient should be aware that three types of intestine transplantation in India are available. In any case, your doctor will be able to advise you on the best sort of intestine transplant to help you live longer and better:
- Isolated Intestinal Graft
- Combined Intestinal-Liver Graft
- Multi-Visceral Graft
In the same way that there are different types of intestine transplants, there are different types of intestinal transplant treatments. They are as follows:
- Isolated intestinal Graft
- Combined Intestinal-Liver Graft
- Multi-Visceral Graft
What to Expect?
Before the Procedure
- After your doctor says you are a good candidate for the intestine transplant, you will have to go through a battery of tests and scans to establish the risks and benefits of the procedure.
- Following this evaluation, you will be placed on a waiting list in the hopes of finding a living or cadaver donor in the near future.
- The waiting period is short because this transplant is comparatively rare, but the organ requirements are demanding.
- Your condition will be maintained medically while you wait, and your TPN status will be updated weekly based on the findings of your lab tests.
During the Procedure
Because you will be given a general anesthetic, you will be unconscious throughout the procedure. When you wake up from this arduous operation, which takes 8-10 hours, sometimes even longer, expect to be tired, groggy, and sore.
After the Procedure
- To recover, you will be transported to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Following that, your surgeon and their transplant team will closely monitor you for any signs of problems or infections.
- After 4 to 6 weeks, you should be able to leave the hospital.
- If you begin to experience mental stress as a result of the surgery, speak with your friends and family; they will provide you with all of the support you require during this difficult time.
The intestine transplant success rate
Because of advances in medical research, the number of people who have survived has increased throughout time. The success rate of intestinal transplants is currently 70%, and in some cases much higher.
After learning that the first intestine transplant was tried in 2013, we can claim that we have come a long way.
Diet and Nutrition Recommendation after Intestine Transplant
- Your assigned nutritionist will ensure that you and your family are well-informed about how to maintain food safety at home. Nonetheless, consume only well-cooked food that is served hot. When preparing for you, request that your family members maintain extreme hygiene.
- For someone with your condition, food cross-contamination is a significant concern.
- Animal-based meals should not be eaten uncooked or undercooked. It’s also a no-no to eat raw or undercooked eggs. It is also not advisable to eat soft cheeses.
- Such food limitations may seem oppressive but be assured that they were implemented for your long-term benefit.
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How long can you go without having a small intestine?
A: Because the small intestine absorbs the majority of nutrients from meals, you would have to be fed intravenously if you lost your entire small intestine. The small intestine, on the other hand, is 20 feet long and unlikely to be completely lost.
Q: Is it possible to donate a small intestine?
A: Your intestines include your small bowel. It’s the coiled elastic tube that converts the food and beverages you consume into energy for your body. It is not a small organ; it is roughly six meters in length and is one of the organs that can be given after death. The success rate of small bowel transplants is increasing all the time.
Q: Does the intestine regrow?
A: The gut is the most regenerative organ in the human body, with its epithelium, or lining, regenerating every five to seven days. The epithelium can resist the constant wear and tear it endures while breaking down food, absorbing nutrients, and removing waste because of continuous cell renewal.
Q: What happens if you remove your intestine?
A: You may have difficulty with loose stools and obtaining adequate nutrients from your diet if a big portion of your small intestine was removed. You may need ongoing medical therapy if you have a long-term (chronic) ailment like cancer, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis.
Q: Is it possible to heal the intestines?
A: Your bowel will be amended or removed if it is damaged. Bowel resection is the medical term for this treatment. If a part is removed, the healthy ends will be stitched or stapled back together. When a section of the intestine is removed, the ends of the intestine cannot always be reunited.