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Spinal fusion is a surgical treatment used to treat abnormalities in the tiny bones of the spine (vertebrae). Essentially, it is a welding process. The basic idea is to connect two or more vertebrae so they can heal into a single, solid bone. This is carried out to stop uncomfortable motion or to provide the spine with some stability.

Only after your doctor is able to identify the cause of your discomfort will they often advise spine surgery. X-rays, CT scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are a few examples of imaging procedures that your doctor could employ to do this.

When compared to other countries, such as the USA, spinal fusion surgery cost in India is quite affordable. The nation is recognized for offering high-quality, affordable medical care. The greatest facilities are accessible with reasonable healthcare packages, premium medical tools, and the assurance of first-rate medical professionals for people traveling for spinal fusion surgery in India.

Types of Spinal Fusion Surgery

Part of the spine- Spinal fusion can be done at any location of the spine

  • Lumbar fusion- commonly done process chiefly because of degenerative disc changes in the thoracic spine that cause pressure on the spinal cord nerves.
  • Cervical fusion – is also commonly performed because of greater motion and stress on the cervical spine.
  • Thoracic fusion –the thoracic spine is more immobile, so usually, the reason for fusion in the thoracic spine is injury or deformities.

Why Spinal Fusion Surgery is Done

To strengthen the spine, fix a condition, or lessen discomfort, two or more of its bones are fused together. Uses for spinal fusion include:

  • Reconfigure the spine: Spinal fusion can be used to fix issues in the spine’s construction. Scoliosis, or a lateral curve in the spine, is one example.
  • If there is too much mobility between two spinal bones, the spine may become unstable or fragile. These are some of the side effects of severe spine arthritis. Spinal fusion may increase the spine’s stability.
  • Disc failure: After a damaged disc has been removed, spinal fusion may be used to stabilize the spine

Multi-levels of Spinal Fusion

  • One level spinal fusion – utilizes to prevent movement at the one section e.g. L4-L5, two vertebrae have to be combined with each other to prevent movement at the one segment.
  • Two-level spinal fusion – utilized to prevent movement at two sections L4-L5, L5-S1, which is it involves linking of three vertebrae, however, the spinal combination of two or more amounts is not likely to offer pain relief because of hampers standard movement of back and places pressure across staying joints.
  • The fusion of 3 or more levels – isn’t done except in cases of scoliosis or deformity.

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Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India

On Average Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India between Rs. 4 Lakh to Rs. 6.5 Lakh (4,800 USD  to 7,800 USD). For Spinal Fusion Surgery in India, the expenses are subject to variation based on the patient’s condition and the specific treatment approach chosen by the doctor following the results obtained.

Types of Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India

Treatment Starting Cost (USD)
Lumbar fusion 1400 USD
Cervical fusion 1100 USD
Thoracic fusion 1500 USD

Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in Various Cities in India

Cities Starting Cost (USD)
Delhi 4600 USD
Gurgaon 4800 USD
Noida 4500 USD
Mumbai 4700 USD
Hyderabad 4500 USD
Chennai 4800 USD
Kolkata 4500 USD
Bangalore 4700 USD

Please note that the pricing and the treatment for Spinal Fusion Surgery cost in India will vary depending on the patient’s choice and other various factors.

Factors That Can Affect Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India

The following here are some variables that can affect Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India:

  • Medication costs.
  • Duration of treatment.
  • Geographical location.
  • Hospitalization expenses.
  • Government policies and subsidies.
  • Medical tourism packages.
  • Hospital reputation and infrastructure.
  • The expertise and experience of medical professionals.
  • The type and frequency of diagnostic procedures.
  • The choice of treatment modality.

Furthermore, the standard and caliber of medical services and amenities provided are comparable to esteemed healthcare establishments globally, despite taking into account expenses for lodging, food, and travel. Additionally, with the expertise of skilled physicians, Medsurge India guarantees that individuals are provided with the most cost-effective Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India.

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Spinal Fusion Surgery Procedure

Before Surgery

A complete health checkup and diagnostic Evaluation performed before surgery, it involves a Set of Bloodstream tests, ECG, X-rays, and scans. Some Drugs like blood thinners have to Be Ceased at least Two weeks until surgery. It is important to stop smoking because it reduces blood Flow and Interrupts bone fusion

During Surgery

Step 1-The patient is positioned and anesthesia is given

Step2– Incision is created in skin and cells are gently moved aside to make a route to the backbone minimally invasive techniques also have been developed that permit fusions with little incisions.

The procedure may be done by different techniques depending on the best possible for the patient and the expertise of the surgeon

In Thoracic Spine fusion distinct techniques can be

Posterolateral fusion — in this procedure the bone graft is put between the transverse process and the vertebra is subsequently fixed in position.

Interbody fusion -During this technique whole intervertebral disk is removed and a bone graft is put in distance between the vertebra, Kinds of interbody fusion

  • Anterior lumbar interbody fusion(ALIF)- this process is done in the front using an anesthetic at the lower stomach, the intervertebral disk is removed and a bone graft is placed.
  • Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)- as its name implies this process is done via the spine and includes removing the disk and adding bone between two nerves.
  • Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)-this process can also be done from the trunk
  • Oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF)- that the physician can approach the backbone in the side

Step 3- Bone Infection is performed – For fusion to occur between two vertebrae a bone graft is necessary to function as a bridge, commonly bone grafts are placed into the space between the vertebrae to be fused. The bone graft helps bone recovery and increases bone creation.

The graft utilized maybe

  • Allograft – from bone bank/cadaver
  • Autograft- usually a piece of bone from around the patient’s own pelvis
  • Artificial -Synthetic bone substitute may be used

Steps 4-Immobilization-The bone graft and vertebrae Should be Glued while the bone graft heals and fuses. The Blend Region is immobilized and held together with metal rods, screws or Screws

Steps 5-Incision is then closed, a brace may be prescribed to encourage the backbone

After Surgery

You’ll be monitored in the hospital for two to three days, and you might need to wear a brace as you heal. After a drug-controlled operation, you will experience some discomfort.

Bed rest is generally not needed. Rehabilitation might take some time and might be a few months until the bone is solid.

While the healing is continuing the fused spine has to be held in the proper position. You’ll be taught the right way to sit, stand, and walk-in order to not hamper the fusing procedure.

After 3-6 months following surgery, the bone graft should combine the vertebra above and under to form a single strong part of the bone that firmly attaches to the backbone creating permanent fusion, and slowly improving your activity level with your symptoms.

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Diagnostic Tests for Spinal Fusion Surgery

  • Usually complete symptomatic history of patient taken, clinical examination Imaging techniques done to confirm the diagnosis and also to rule out other problems
  • MRI is performed to look for disc problems and check spinal nerves status
  • CT Scan for ruling out joints and bones problems
  • X-ray to check for arthritis or injuries in vertebrae
  • Bone scan to rule out cancer
  • Myelogram, electromyogram

Why Do Individuals Prefer to Have Spinal Fusion Surgery in India

The country has some of the best medical care facilities and services in Asia, making medical tourism in India very popular. The best Hospitals for spinal fusion surgery in India provide all types of disease-related surgeries using advanced technology. Also, the Spinal Fusion Surgery Cost in India is much more affordable as compared to other states or nations around the world. An international patient can expect to pay 50-60% less for Spinal Fusion Surgery in India.

The hospitals that do Spinal Fusion Surgery in India provide comprehensive appropriate treatment, including comprehensive pre-operative evaluations, minimally invasive surgical options, and post-operative rehabilitation programs. Patients can expect personalized treatment, individualized attention, and compassionate care at these medical facilities. The hospitals are accredited by top international organizations such as the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) or the Joint Commission International (JCI).

From medical visa processing to travel preparations to appointment scheduling and lodging, the foreign patient department at the finest cancer hospitals in Medsurge India assists and coordinates with the patient throughout the process. 

Best Spinal Fusion Surgery Hospitals in India

What to Look for When Choosing a Hospital For Spinal Fusion Surgery in India

Indian hospitals that perform orthopedic surgery and treatment are well-known for their hospitality and patient care services providing the finest hospital and surgeons in India. However, choosing a suitable hospital for treating Spinal Fusion Surgery in India can be difficult for an international patient. It is a significant decision that must be made with several factors in mind, including:

  • Quality certificates and accreditations
  • Hospital and transportation facility location
  • Team of doctors and surgeons
  • Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment
  • International patient assistance

How Can Medsurge India Help

Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. Our staff will provide you with a list of licensed, renowned, and trustworthy physicians and medical facilities in relation to your medical needs. Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What Is Spinal Fusion?

A: Spinal fusion is a surgical technique wherein two or more vertebral bones are eternally linked to maintaining functioning and supply stability to the spine. The theory behind spinal fusion is that if debilitating vertebrae are immobilized they won’t hurt.

Q: What Are the Disease Conditions Requiring Spinal Fusion Surgery?

  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spondylolisthesis (a condition wherein one vertebra slips forward on top of another )
  • Spinal stenosis– usually due to arthritis in the spine
  • Spinal fractures- due to injuries
  • Kyphosis, Scoliosis- due to abnormal curvatures
  • Tumor causing the weak or unstable spine

Q: What Are the Common Symptoms of Displaced Vertebrae?

  • Stiffening and loss of mobility of the spine
  • Neurological symptoms like numbness, paralysis, loss of reflexes
  • Severe back pain, even occasionally sciatic pains
  • Difficulty in sitting and standing for long durations
  • Weakness of legs
  • Changes in Gait

Q: What Is the Time Taken to Perform Spinal Fusion Surgery?

A: It depends on the level of the fusion and extent of surgery, usually simple one-level fusion surgery takes between 2-3 hours.

Q: What Are the Risks Involving Spinal Fusion Surgery?

A: Spinal fusion is major surgery, there may be some infrequent complications:

  • Damage to the nerves and surrounding structure during a procedure
  • Pain at the graft site / Graft rejection
  • Wound infection-antibiotic cover is usually given to prevent infections
  • Bleeding
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) leading to a pulmonary embolism – there is a possibility of the formation of clots in the leg. These may break off and travel to the lungs leading to pulmonary embolism.
  • Pseudarthrosis – when there is no union between the fused bones if this occurs a second surgery may be needed to fuse the vertebrae.
  • Adjacent segment disease- as the area that was fused cannot move so there is increased stress and motion on the adjacent vertebrae causing their degeneration.

Q: What Are the Signs of Infection After Surgery?

  • Redness, swelling
  • Drainage from the incision site
  • Tenderness
  • Elevated temperature

Q: What Is the Recovery Period Following Spinal Fusion Surgery?

A. Retrieval time is variable, based on the magnitude of surgery, there’s a limitation of certain actions and rehabilitation required but the patient typically returns to regular work by 6 months and physically energetic work by roughly 12 weeks.

  • Walking- there Is Not Any limitation, most Individuals are walking the day following the operation
  • Sedentary work — normally 3-6 weeks following the operation

Q: What Is the Success Rate of Spinal Fusion Surgery?

A. The success rate of spinal fusion surgery Concerning pain relief is 70-80%.

Q: What Reduces the Chances of Success of Spinal Fusion?

A: Clinical Results of Operation depends upon the surgeon’s Expertise, accurate Identification, and the patient’s Overall Health State.

The success rate could be reduced in patients who smoke, have been overweight, have diabetes or afflicted by some other major medical condition, have osteoporosis.

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