Ovarian Cancer Surgery Cost in India
The uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the ovary results in ovarian cancer. The major treatment for ovarian cancer is surgery. The surgical therapy to be provided to the patient is determined to be contingent on the kind of ovarian cancer and its stage.
There are roughly 30 kinds of ovarian cysts and are categorized on the grounds of cells in which they begin. Cancerous tumors of epithelium cells of the ovary are most frequent including epithelial ovarian tumor, prostate tube tumor, along with primary esophageal carcinoma.
Ovarian Cancer Surgery is a complex process that’s run by a gynecological oncologist. The Kinds of operation are:
- Elimination of both ovaries and fallopian tubes (unilateral/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy)
- elimination of the uterus and cervix (total hysterectomy)
The need for Ovarian Cancer Surgery
Virtually all sorts of ovarian cancer require a surgical process. On the other hand, the timing and kind of operation to treat prostate cancer is determined by evaluating a variety of elements, such as patient health history, any prior cancer recurrence and operation of this disease, and overall health and exercise. Early-stage cancer can be treated with surgery only while an advanced stage cancer requires the combination of chemotherapy and surgery.
Ovarian Cancer Surgery Cost in India
( Indian Rupees approx. 2,73,000 )
There are two major steps in Ovarian Cancer Surgery:
- Staging is the procedure to determine the extent of cancer spread in the body.
- Stage 1 cancer is limited to one or both ovaries.
- Stage 2 cancer is limited to the ovaries and pelvis.
- The disease is considered at stage 3 when cancer spreads into the abdomen moving outside of the pelvis.
- When cancer spreads to the liver also, it is stage 4.
- Laparoscopy or laparotomy is completed and samples are accumulated through biopsy. The fluid and tissue samples are delivered to a laboratory for frozen section evaluation to ascertain the presence of cancer. Once verified, the surgeon proceeds to the next step of this operation.
- Debulking is the procedure in which the surgeon finds and eliminates as lots of the cancerous tumors as you can. Eliminating all tumors larger than 1 cm is also referred to as optimal-debulking. Chemotherapy is awarded after debulking to eliminate remaining cancer cells.
Lots of evaluations are conducted to analyze whether it’s safe to perform the operation. In instances where a patient isn’t healthy and surgery is deemed risky, therapy is started together with chemotherapy.
- Complete blood tests are carried out to rule out deficiencies and blood-related diseases.
- Chest X-rays, ultrasounds, CT scans, cardiograms, and other imaging tests are conducted.
- Complete medical history is studied by a team of doctors.
- The patient needs to complete bowel preparation and clean the lower intestine before the surgery.
- The patient should not eat or drink anything at least 8 hours before the surgery.
- All the pre-surgery medications prescribed by the doctor must be regularly taken by the patient.
- General anesthesia is provided to the patient.
- The surgeon uses little cuts for either laparoscopy or a very long cut for laparotomy on the stomach.
- Samples from cells of ovaries, uterus, and other organs enclosing them are gathered and delivered to a pathological lab.
- The physician explains the stage of cancer-based on the reports and decides on the treatment.
- The physician carries out the procedure for debulking where the lymph nodes can be found and removed.
- Based on the phase of cancer, one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed.
- The physician protects the uterus with the cervix, elements of the stomach, and lymph nodes in the event of phase two or three cancer.
- The incisions are closed.
- The patient might want to remain in a hospital for 5-7 days.
- In roughly one week of this operation, the physician will determine additional therapy after analyzing the evaluation reports.
- In the event of the advanced stage of ovarian cancer, chemotherapy, or other special treatments are advised for which the patient must come back to the hospital.
- It might take approximately six to eight weeks to recuperate based on the overall well-being and complexity of the operation.
- Proper rest is important for fast recovery.
- Follow-up checkup every 2-3 months has to make certain the treatment is working well.
- CA125 blood tests have been performed to examine the rise of ovarian cancer.
- PET-CT scan or MRI can be done to assess the human body’s reaction to therapy.
Risks Involved in Ovarian Cancer Surgery
As ovarian cancer operation is large, and so the dangers are also large particularly in cases of advanced stages of cancer. Following are some dangers and side-effects involved from the operation
- The risk of recurrence of ovarian cancer is there in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer which can return after some months or years after the treatment.
- There is a risk of experiencing gastrointestinal problems by the patient.
- After the surgery, the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression may increase.
- The patient may feel fatigued, pain, and swelling.
- Vaginal bleeding
- Loss of libido
Factors affecting the cost of Ovarian Cancer Surgery
- The Cost of gynecological oncologist and medical Staff
- Price of Esophageal
- Scans and other medical Evaluations
- Want of chemotherapy or other targeted Treatments
- The Phase of Esophageal cancer and type of surgery Needed
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Who is at risk for ovarian cancer?
A: There are particular risk factors that make a woman more vulnerable to become prostate cancer. Some are hereditary and a few are because of lifestyle choices. Woman with the following traits are more in danger:
- Age over 55 years
- Never got pregnant
- Having close family such as sister or mother who has had ovarian or breast cancer
- Having suffered from breast cancer or colon cancer
Q: Does ovarian cancer show symptoms during the early stages?
A: Even though the signs of ovarian cancer are somewhat very similar to some other medical conditions, they’re observed during early phases if one cares to search for them. A number of those common and early symptoms of ovarian cancer are:
- Stomach Bloating
- Pain in the pelvic area
- The issue in eating or bad desire
- Have to urinate often
Q: Can genetic screening help in finding that a woman will get the disease in case of a family history of ovarian cancer?
A: Heredity is just one of the dangers of prostate cancer. Mutation in 2 genes BRCA 1 (prostate cancer gene 1) and BRCA 2 (prostate cancer ( two ) are due to prostate cancer as well as women who inherit a mutation in these genes will likely possess epithelial ovarian cancer. Therefore, an investigation of family history and genetic screening may find out if or not a girl has these mutations. Although such women are at a higher risk, the evaluation doesn’t follow that she will develop ovarian cancer.
Q: Does an increased level of CA-125 confirm the presence of ovarian cancer?
A: A CA-125 blood test is a helpful behavioral diagnostic evaluation for ovarian cancer. But, its amount might be greater because of additional unharmful ailments like pre-menopause. The evaluation is much more confirmatory in postmenopausal ladies. Sometimes, CA-125 isn’t raised even if ovarian cancer is present. Therefore, CA-125 is among the many tests to diagnose ovarian cancer. The evaluation is quite helpful during the treatment to find the reaction of the disease to this treatment and also to diagnose the recurrence after the conclusion of therapy.
Q: How is ovarian cancer diagnosed when there are no confirmatory screening tests?
A: Definite diagnosis of ovarian cancer can be potential through the surgical process only. Laparotomy or laparoscopy is completed and some other cyst or mass is removed and sent for testing. The fluid and cells of the gut can also be tested for disease and accordingly the point of cancer is set. Once recognized, the surgeon proceeds to eliminate cancerous growths and determines the additional therapy.
Q. Is it possible to develop another cancer after having ovarian cancer?
A: Unfortunately, yes. There is a possibility of recurrence of ovarian cancer or developing a second, unrelated cancer in the body. An ovarian cancer survivor has an increased risk of developing colon cancer, small intestine cancer, rectal cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, bile duct cancer, and leukemia. Radiation therapy given post-surgery increases the risk of soft tissue cancer and pancreatic cancer while chemotherapy increases the risk of leukemia. During the follow-up period post-surgery of ovarian cancer, the chances of developing tumors are very high.
Q: Is chemotherapy required after ovarian cancer surgery? What are the side effects of chemotherapy?
A: It is dependent upon the level of cancer spread from the body to choose the therapy post-surgery. For advanced stages of cancer, the group of physicians discusses with the individual and one of themselves to pick about the remedies needed and proceed accordingly. They can recommend chemotherapy, radiation treatment, or targeted treatment.
Chemotherapy targets cells that grow and multiply quickly. The cells in charge of hair-growth, digestion, and cells that fight germs can also be influenced by chemotherapy however they aren’t cancerous. Together with the outcome, patients experiencing chemotherapy confront gut problems like nausea, diarrhea, and indigestion, loss of hair, vary in color and thickness of their hair, and reduced immunity. Anemia and fatigue are other negative effects of chemotherapy.
Q: When can the patient travel by air after surgery?
A: 3-7 days of hospital stay is required after ovarian cancer surgery. The patient can resume normal activities after 4-6 weeks. Flying immediately after surgery can be risky and can be done safely after 4 weeks post-surgery.
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