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Ovarian cysts are common for women that are still inside their menstrual times. You might have had one cyst but might never understand as it goes off by itself. Complications may arise if the cyst doesn’t go away or might form to a larger size. The ovaries are a set of reproductive organs in the body in charge of the discharge of an egg each month and, generating female progesterone and estrogen.

Ovarian cysts are fluid gathered in the ovaries coated with a thin shell that could be small and harmless. They may be as small as a pea or large as a pregnant womb. A difficulty arises if they become bigger in size, when they turn, or whenever burst within the ovary. This may get the blood flow to the uterus stopped and if it’s not treated, it might harm the clitoris tissues. Cysts may also be cancerous. These situations involve operations as they also cause symptoms.

An ovarian cyst can be removed by an operation that can be via a small incision named Laparoscopy to get a smaller nostril or a larger abdominal incision named Laparotomy to get a cyst that might be cancerous.

Types of Ovarian Cyst

There are various kinds of cysts. Cysts are categorized under useful cysts and Pathological cysts.

  1. Functional cysts: they’re connected to the menstrual cycle. Under these are two main types:
  2. Follicle cyst: Each month, the ovaries release one egg that’s contained in a sac called the follicle. After the egg is ready, the follicle opens and releases it. When there’s absolutely no release, it’s referred to as a Follicle cyst and might go out in 1 – 3 months.
  3. Corpus luteum cyst: When the follicle breaks open, it helps and soothes prepared the following egg to be published. However, if the follicle shuts back up and hastens fluid, then it turns into a parasite that causes pain or bleeding because it develops. This can go away in a couple of weeks. There are three types:
  • Dermoid cysts: Contains hair, fats, and other tissues
  • Cystadenomas: Occurs in the outer walls of the ovaries
  • Endometriomas: Cysts grow outside the womb and get attached to the ovaries.
  • Pathological Diseases: They are brought on by abnormal cell development rather than linked to the menstrual cycle. They could grow earlier and after menopause. They’re made either by cells that assist with the create the cells or eggs away from the ovary. Some could be cancerous and therefore are surgically removed.

Causes of Ovarian Cyst

Endometriosis: This happens when cells which line the uterus grow outside the womb — in the fallopian tubes, anus, uterus, bowel, and bladder growing into a cyst. The cysts are sometimes full of blood.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): They’re little cysts in the uterus, they’re egg yolks which don’t ovulate as a result of shifted hormones levels. These cysts make it difficult to become pregnant.

Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst

  • Pelvic pain which can range from dull pain to sharp and severe pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Abdominal swelling or bloating
  • Pain in the lower back or thighs
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Tender breasts
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fever
  • Dizziness or faintness
  • Rapid breathing

Diagnosis and Tests

  • Physical examination of the pelvic region
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Blood tests

Want to know more about the causes of Ovarian Cysts? Then Click Here.

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Procedure

Before Procedure

  • Physical examination of the pelvic region
  • Diagnostic tests will be done
  • You may inform your doctor of all your medical history, current medications, and allergies
  • You may be asked to stop certain medications if you are taking any like blood thinners
  • Your Physician will inform you which surgery will be required
  • You will be asked to stop smoking as it affects the healing process
  • If you are given medications, you may do so with small sips of water
  • You will be asked to fast 8 – 12 hours before surgery

During Procedure

  • You will be given general anesthesia, so you will feel no pain
  • A small incision is made in your abdomen
  • Gas is blown in the pelvis so that the ovaries may be accessed
  • A laparoscope is inserted in your abdomen so that your surgeon will see the organs inside
  • The cysts are removed by making small cuts in the areas
  • After the cysts are removed, the incision is closed with stitches
  • If the cyst is larger and/or cancerous, a laparotomy will be performed
  • A larger cut is made in the stomach to allow your surgeon good access to the cyst
  • While the cyst is removed, the ovary may also be removed
  • A biopsy of the ovary may be done to confirm whether it is cancerous or not
  • The incision is closed in stitches or staples.

After Procedure

  • You Might Be able to go home on Precisely the Same day or stay overnight when laparoscopy is Completed
  • For laparotomy, You Might Have to Be hospitalized for at least 2 days
  • You May experience pain in your Stomach but this will pass after a day or two
  • Recovery for laparoscopy takes Approximately 2 weeks while laparotomy takes Roughly 6 -8 weeks
  • If a biopsy is accepted, once the end result comes back, your surgeon will examine some additional treatment required with you
  • Follow-up will probably be scheduled.

Recommended to know about Laparoscopic Ovarian Cyst Removal Surgery.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgery, no operation is without risks. Some of the complications that could develop are:

  • Recurrence of ovarian cyst
  • Pain may remain uncontrolled
  • Scar tissues may be formed in the surgical site, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or pelvis
  • Bowel or bladder may be damaged during the surgery
  • Infections
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Pain or swelling in the abdomen

Factors Affecting the Cost of Ovarian Cyst removal

Factors that affect the price are:

  • Location of the hospital
  • Duration of stay
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Medical amenities
  • Surgeon’s fee

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What Is a Cyst Made up Of?

A: A cyst consists of a few fluids that are gathered in the uterus. There can be blood, fats, hair, and other materials inside it based on the kind of cyst formed in the area.

Q: Is it Always Painful to Have a Cyst?

A: Not necessarily, as a few are small and benign. The larger ones may lead to bleeding and pain.

Q: Are All Cysts Harmful?

A: Not many cysts are dangerous as they have a tendency to really go away during puberty. However, if this cyst stays in the pelvic area, and develops bigger, twists or pops, it might lead to injury by bleeding and stopping the blood flow to the uterus. In addition, it can be cancerous.

Q: Can an Ovarian Cyst Cause Weight Gain?

A: In case you have PCOS, weight reduction can occur because of the complications or symptoms.

Q: Can a Cyst Develop During Pregnancy?

A: Yes, a cyst can Grow during this time, but your Physician will Wait Patiently till You’re 14 weeks pregnant to Choose Operation or not.

Q: Which Surgery Will Be Best for Me?

A: This will be dependent on the size of the uterus, place, along with other facets in consultation with your health care provider.

Q: Will My Ovary Be Removed During the Operation?

A: This depends on whether the cyst is cancerous, or the ovary is damaged.

Q: Will I Still Be Fertile With One Ovary?

A: Yes. If your ovary is working normally, it can still produce estrogen and release an egg monthly.

Q: How Long Will I Stay in the Hospital?

A: If you’re experiencing a laparoscopy done, you could have the ability to go home the exact same day or, remain overnight. However, with laparotomy, you might want to remain at least for two days.

Q: How Soon Can I Be Active Again?

A: With laparoscopy, you are able to bounce back to regular activities per week after the operation, but laparotomy requires 6 — 8 weeks to recuperate.

Q: What Are the Eligibility Requirements for a Medical Visa to India?

A: In case you’ve got a valid passport and visa and are looking for medical treatment at a reputed and recognized hospital in India, then it is possible to make an application for a medical visa to India. Up to two attendants that are blood relatives may accompany the individual under different attendant visas.

You may also be interested in – 3 Reasons Why People Should Travel to India For Medical Reasons

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