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PET Scan Cost in India

PET Scan Cost in India

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans evaluates organ and tissue functions by using small amounts of radioactive chemicals called radiotracers or radiopharmaceuticals, a specific camera, and a computer. PET may detect the early development of disease before other imaging tests because it detects changes at the cellular level.

PET scans are used to study a variety of conditions, including:

  • Cancer, heart problems, and brain disorders can all be detected with this test.
  • Epilepsy- may reveal which section of the brain the epilepsy is affecting, which may aid specialists in determining the most appropriate treatment.
  • Additionally, it aids in the detection of cancer recurrence after treatment.
  • Heart disease: A PET scan can reveal which parts of the heart are damaged.

What is PET Scan?

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans are imaging tests that can reveal the metabolic and biochemical function of your tissues and organs. A radioactive substance (tracer) is used in the PET scan to show both normal and abnormal metabolic activity. A PET scan can typically reveal aberrant tracer metabolism in diseases before other imaging procedures, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can detect the disease.

Typically, the tracer is injected into a vein in your hand or arm. The tracer will then collect in sections of your body with higher levels of metabolic or biochemical activity, pinpointing the disease’s location. PET images are frequently coupled with CT or MRI scans, which are referred to as PET-CT or PET-MRI scans.

Why a PET Scan is performed?

A PET scan may be ordered by your doctor to check your blood flow, oxygen intake, or organ and tissue metabolism. PET scans reveal issues at the cellular level, providing your doctor with the clearest picture of complex systemic disorders.

PET Scans are commonly used to detect:

Heart Problems: PET scans can detect areas of the heart with reduced blood flow. This is due to the fact that good heart tissue absorbs more of the tracer than sick tissue or tissue with less blood flow.

On the scan, different colors and brightness levels indicate different levels of tissue function. This data can assist you and your doctor in deciding how to proceed with therapy.

All types of Cancers: Cancer cells have a faster metabolic rate than healthy cells. Cancer cells often appear as bright spots on PET scans due to their high degree of chemical activity. As a result, PET scans are beneficial for detecting cancer as well as-

  • Determining whether cancer has spread
  • Determining whether a cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy, is effective 
  • Looking for a cancer recurrence

Issues oriented with Central Nervous System (CNS) or Brain Disorders: When the scan is interpreted by a specialist, they can examine how the brain is working and look for any abnormalities. PET scans are used to identify and treat a variety of CNS conditions, including-

PET Scan Cost in India

USD 450

( Indian Rupees 32,400 )

2

Procedure

How does a PET scan work?

PET scans are used to identify cancerous cells in organs and tissues. An intravenous (IV) injection of a safe dose of a radioactive medication is given to you. A radiotracer is a name for this chemical.

In your body, diseased cells absorb more radiotracer than healthy cells. This radiation is detected by the PET scanner, which generates images of the afflicted tissue. A PET/CT scan combines CT scan X-ray images with PET scan images.

Before the Procedure:

  1. You will be provided with detailed instructions on how to prepare for your PET scan.
  2. Any medications or supplements you are taking should be disclosed to your doctor.
  3. Normally, you should not eat anything for 4 to 6 hours before the scan, but you should drink plenty of water.
  4. Because metal can interfere with the testing equipment, you will have to remove all of your body and jewelry piercings.

During the Procedure:

  1. A small amount of radiotracer will be injected into a vein.
  2. The radiotracer can take anywhere from half an hour to an hour or more to reach the targeted section of the human body, depending on the body part involved.
  3. You’ll be asked to relax and refrain from talking or moving.
  4. You may be requested to drink any comparison substance before being transferred to the PET/CT scanner, where the imaging process will commence.
  5. During imaging, you must remain completely still.

After the Procedure: 

  1. The images will be evaluated by a radiologist, who will then transmit the results to a physician.
  2. It was suggested that I drink a lot of liquid to help flush the radioactive medications out of my system quickly.
  3. You will be allowed to return home.

Factors affecting the price of PET scan

The cost of a PET Scan to the individual is determined by a number of factors, including:

  • The patient selects the hospital.
  • Radiologists’ Standard Tests procedures 
  • Fees for a group of physicians.
  • Complications should be treated if they occur.

What are some common uses of the procedures?

PET and PET/CT scans are used by doctors to:

  • Determine the presence of cancer and/or make a diagnosis
  • Determine if a malignancy has spread throughout the body
  • Evaluate the treatment’s efficacy
  • Assess whether or not a malignancy has returned after therapy
  • Determine the prognosis
  • Analyze the metabolism and viability of the tissue.
  • Identify the consequences of a heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, on different parts of the heart.
  • Determine whether parts of the heart muscle would benefit from angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery (in combination with a myocardial perfusion scan).
  • Examine anomalies in the brain, such as tumors, memory problems, convulsions, and other CNS tissues.
  • Figure out how the human brain and heart work normally.

What are the risks of getting a PET Scan?

The radioactive tracer has relatively little radiation. It doesn’t last long in your system. After a PET scan, drink plenty of water to help flush the radioactive medication out of your system. PET scans are generally safe and generate few complications. There are a few exceptions:

  • PET scans are not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women. Radiation can harm an unborn child and transmit through breast milk to an infant.
  • PET scan radioactive tracers and CT scan contrast dyes might cause allergic reactions in some persons. Your doctor can prescribe medicine to help you slow or halt this response.
  • The sugar in the radiotracer may not be absorbed by those with diabetes, which can impair scan results. Before the test, your healthcare practitioner will propose changes to your diet and medications.

 

  

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What’s the principle behind the functioning of the PET scan?

A:  The cells based will appear as “hot spots” or even “cold spots”

  • Active regions called “hot spots”, where cells require less energy, which is less glowing regions, are called “cold spots.”
  • No PET Scan Isn’t painful, You Might feel a chilly Feeling moving your arm up when a radioactive substance injected

Q: What’s the complete process time for a PET scan?

A: The whole testing process typically takes about two hours. Most patients can go home once the scan is finished.

Q: What’s the length of the scan?

A: Complete scan time is about half an hour.

Q: What’s FDG tracer?

A: FDG fluorodeoxyglucose is a widely used radiotracer.

Q: What abnormal PET scan outcome convey?

A: Abnormal results may indicate:

  • Change in the size, shape, or position of an organ
  • Cancer
  • Infection
  • Problem with organ function

Q: What is the difference between an MRI / PET scan?

A: While an MRI or CT scan acknowledges how a part of the body appears, a PET scan may tell how it’s working.

Q: What are the welfare of a combined PET/CT Scan?

A: Combined PET/CT aid in accurate identification, supplying the precise place of abnormal metabolic activity in the body. It’s of greater advantage to the individual who experiences two examinations at once.

Q: In PET scan exactly what can you mean by cold and hot spots?

A: “hot spots,” signal where large numbers of the Radiotracer have gathered and where there’s a high amount of metabolic or chemical action e.g in cancers less extreme locations, or “cold spots,” indicate a lesser concentration of radiotracer and less chemical action multiplying in Alzheimer’s

Q: Is PET scanning radiation insecure?

A: NO, the radiation hazard is quite low, because the doses of Radiotracer administered are modest, resulting in comparatively low radiation exposure to the individual, suitable for diagnostic tests. Hazards of this test are minimal when compared with the advantages in diagnosing acute health ailments.

Q: Do I have to be hospitalized for PET Scan?

A: Hrs after that you’ll be able to return home unless some complications.

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