Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cost in India
What is Thyroid Cancer?
Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a tiny, butterfly-shaped gland that wraps around the windpipe in the front of the neck. Iodine from food is used by the thyroid gland to make hormones that regulate how your body uses energy. The majority of thyroid malignancies are curable.
Thyroid nodules are prevalent, although they are not always cancerous.
After a thyroid cancer diagnosis, tests are performed to see if cancer cells have moved to other parts of the body or within the thyroid.
What is Thyroid Gland?
The thyroid is a gland located near the trachea at the base of the throat (windpipe). It has two lobes, one on the right and one on the left, and is structured like a butterfly. The isthmus, a tiny piece of tissue that joins the two lobes. A healthy thyroid gland would be around the size of a quarter. It is usually not noticeable through the skin.
Thyroid nodules rarely cause symptoms or necessitate treatment. When thyroid nodules get large enough to make swallowing or breathing difficulties, extra tests and treatment for thyroid cancer are required.
Iodine, a mineral found in various foods and iodized salt, is used by the thyroid to aid in the production of several hormones. Thyroid hormones perform the following functions:
- Control your heart rate, body temperature, and the rate at which food is converted to energy (metabolism).
- Calcium levels in the blood will remain under control.
Types of Thyroid Cancer
The type of cells from which thyroid cancer grows is used to classify it. Types of thyroid cancer include:
- Papillary: Papillary thyroid carcinoma accounts for up to 80% of all thyroid cancers. This cancer kind has a modest growth rate. Despite the fact that papillary thyroid cancer frequently spreads to the lymph nodes in the neck, it is a disease that responds effectively to treatment. Thyroid cancer of the papillary type is highly treatable and hardly ever lethal.
- Follicular: Follicular thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for up to 15% of all thyroid cancer diagnoses. This malignancy has a higher tendency for spreading to bones and organs, such as the lungs. Treatment for metastatic cancer (cancer that spreads) can be more difficult.
- Medullary: Thyroid cancers that are medullary account for about 2% of all thyroid cancers. A 25% of medullary thyroid carcinoma patients have a family history of the disease. It’s possible that a malfunctioning gene (genetic mutation) is to blame.
- Anaplastic: The most difficult kind of cancer to cure is Anaplastic thyroid cancer. It spreads fast through surrounding tissue and into other sections of the body. About 2% of thyroid cancer diagnoses are due to this unusual cancer form.
What Are the Causes of Thyroid Cancer?
Experts don’t know why some cells turn cancerous (malignant) and attack the thyroid gland. Radiation exposure, a low-iodine diet, and defective genes are all risk factors.
Causes of Thyroid cancer relies on a variety of factors, including:
- Between the ages of 25 and 65 years.
- Being a woman.
- Being exposed to radioactive contamination or being exposed to radiation to the head and neck as an infant or toddler. Cancer can develop in as little as 5 years following exposure.
- Must be a goiter history (enlarged thyroid).
- History of thyroid disease or cancer in the family.
- Within a family history of familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC), multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A syndromes (MEN2A), or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B syndrome (MEN2B) (MEN2B).hos
Sign and Symptom of Thyroid Cancer
Early signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer are not always present. It is occasionally discovered during a standard physical examination. As the tumor becomes larger, signs and symptoms may appear. The same signs or symptoms could be caused by other illnesses. If you have any of the following symptoms, consult your doctor:
- A lump in the neck (nodule)
- Breathing problems
- Experiencing troubles in swallowing
- Suffering from swallowing pain
How Does Thyroid Cancer Affect Pregnancy?
Thyroid cancer is the second most prevalent cancer seen in pregnant women after breast cancer (breast cancer is first). Thyroid cancer develops in about 10% of pregnant women or within the first year after childbirth. Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, according to experts, may be the cause of cancer.
If you’re diagnosed with thyroid cancer while pregnant, talk to your doctor about treatment options. Depending on the kind and severity of your cancer, your doctor may advise you to postpone treatment until after you give birth. Most women can safely undergo surgery to remove the malignant gland if therapy cannot wait. When you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, you shouldn’t have any radioactive diagnostic tests or treatments.
Watch Video – Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cost in India
Thyroid Cancer Treatment Cost in India starts from 1327 USD
Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer
Your healthcare practitioner may prescribe one or more of the following tests to diagnose thyroid cancer if you have an enlarged thyroid nodule or other symptoms:
- Blood Tests
- Physical Exam and Health History
- CT /PET Scan
How Thyroid Cancer is Treated?
The majority of thyroid tumours are curable, particularly if they have not spread to other regions of the body. If cancer cannot be cured, the goal of treatment may be to eliminate or destroy as much of cancer as possible while preventing it from developing, spreading, or returning. Palliation (relief) of symptoms such as pain or breathing and swallowing difficulties is sometimes the goal of treatment.
The type and stage of cancer, as well as your overall health, are all aspects to consider when selecting a treatment plan. Often, multiple types of treatment for thyroid cancer are required.
Thyroid cancer patients can choose from a variety of therapy options. Some treatments are mainstream (already in use), while others are undergoing clinical testing. A treatment clinical trial is a research study that aims to help patients with cancer better their existing treatments or learn more about potential treatments.
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What happens after radiation treatment for thyroid cancer?
A: In most cases, radiation therapy is not utilised to treat thyroid cancer in young people. Redness of the skin, odynophagia (difficult swallowing), cough, occasional hoarseness, nausea, and exhaustion are all possible side effects, depending on the treatment dosage and location. The majority of negative effects subside once treatment is completed.
Q: Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?
A: We have also established that treatment (thyroidectomy, high-dose radioactive iodine, and thyroid hormone therapy) is safe and does not reduce life expectancy. Nonetheless, it’s vital to remember that, regardless of age, individuals with persistent disease have a median standardised survival duration of only 60%.
Q: What part of the body does thyroid cancer affect?
A: Thyroid cancer is an uncommon form of cancer that affects the thyroid gland, which is a tiny gland located near the base of the neck. The most common symptom of thyroid cancer is the development of a painless lump or swelling in the neck.
Q: Can a removed thyroid grow back?
A: The regeneration of thyroid tissues after thyroidectomy is known as a recurrent goitre. This might happen after a thyroid surgery for a benign or malignant condition. While recurrence following benign surgery should be avoidable, recurrence after malignant disease is dependent on a variety of circumstances.
Q: How long do you stay in hospital after thyroid surgery?
A: Thyroid and parathyroid operations carry a risk of 1 in 300 people (much less than 1% ). We keep you in the hospital for 4 hours following the operation for observation, and in some circumstances, we may keep you in the hospital overnight if there is a danger of bleeding.