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Varicocele is a medical condition involving the elongation of veins inside the scrotum. The scrotum is a ball-like organ present beside the penis. The condition of varicocele is similar to varicose that occurs in the leg mostly due to swelling. Varicocele is the leading cause of low sperm count those results in male infertility. The diagnostic process is simple and the condition is treatable without surgery. However, in some cases of varicocele, surgery is often required as an ultimate treatment. If you are looking for the ideal options for surgery, India can be the one. There are various hospitals and qualified urologists that perform varicocele surgery in India.

If you want to know insights about varicocele, this blog might be useful for you.

Varicocele Repair Surgery

Varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure that treats varicocele. A varicocele is an elongation of the scrotal veins. The enlargement causes the restriction of blood supply in the reproductive organs which leads to infertility. The restriction causes the accumulation of blood in the scrotal area. The condition doesn’t need to require surgery, but in most cases, surgery is often required.

Causes of Varicocele

To know the exact cause, one should understand the anatomy. Ideally, the exact cause is still not clear. However, the researchers associate it with the dysfunction of spermatic cord valves. The spermatic transmits blood to and from the scrotum. When the veins do not function properly, results in varicocele. It disrupts the smooth blood flow that leads to scrotal vein enlargement. 

Varicocele Surgery Cost In India

The average Varicocele Surgery Cost in India starts from INR 2,90,000 (USD 3,500). For individuals looking for top-notch healthcare at a fraction of the cost paid in many Western nations, India presents a strong alternative. Modern medical facilities, internationally qualified doctors, and reasonably priced treatment alternatives have made India a global center for medical tourism.

Factors That Can Affect Varicocele Surgery Cost in India

  • Need for post-operative care.
  • Hospital room classification.
  • The price of treatment packages can depend on the hospital’s preference.
  • Doctor’s competence and experience in the subject.
  • The patient’s situation: The patient’s disease and whether additional modalities are required for comprehensive treatment.
  • Duration of hospitalization and stay in the country.

Symptoms of Varicocele

Usually, the varicocele is asymptomatic, but certain visible symptoms confirm about varicocele symptoms can vary from mild to severe depending upon the condition. Following are some of the possible symptoms and conditions:

  • Male infertility
  • Discomfort in the scrotal area
  • Low sperm count
  • Reduction in sperm motility
  • Discomfort in laying back

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Varicocele Surgery in India

India is famous for its hospitality and treatment worldwide. There are multiple options for varicocele surgery in India. There are basic types of surgeries performed in India:

Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy-

The laparoscopic surgery takes place after applying general anesthesia. In this procedure, the surgeons make a small incision in the abdomen area. To observe and justify varicocele. 

Percutaneous Embolization-

In Percutaneous embolization, the radiologist inserts the thin tube into the blood vessels through the groin and observes the enlarged vein. Once the doctors identify the veins, they provide medicines to rectify the impaired blood flow by blocking tubules.

Microsurgical Varicocelectomy-

It is an open surgery in which the surgeons create an incision in the groin to stop blocking the tubules that cause impaired blood flow.

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Varicocele Surgery Procedure

Before Surgery

Regardless of what type of surgery you need, there are some basic preparations to do before the surgery. Following are the things you need to know before surgery:

  • Before the surgery, you need to shave the surgical area.
  • Before surgery, you may need to follow a restricted diet as your surgeons or doctors suggest.
  • Shower and clean the surgical area before surgery.
  • Your doctor will perform blood tests regarding diabetes or any other issue. Then they will provide medication accordingly.

During the Surgery

  • The surgeon will check for your medical condition and will explain the procedure. 
  • At the time of surgery, your doctor or surgeon will provide you the suitable anesthesia.
  • The surgery will last approx. 4 hours. Your doctor will make an incision in the abdomen or groin. The surgery method can vary depending upon the requirement.

After Surgery

  • After the surgery, you need to rest in the recovery room until you can completely walk.
  • There might be some pain around the incision area but it can be treatable.
  • Your doctor or nurse will provide you with some medicines like painkillers.
  • Finally, your doctor will diagnose you to check for the consequences. 
  • After resting a few days, you can leave the hospital and your doctor will instruct you on how you should take care of your wound.

How Long Does It Take to Recover from Surgery?

The testicular varicocele surgery can take a few days or even a few weeks to recover. After the surgery, the mild pain will remain for a few days or weeks. Your doctor will prescribe the medicines to mitigate the pain. After a while, you may involve yourself in daily activities. Doctors recommend taking a rest and not straining yourself from rigorous activities.

What are the Advantages and Risks Associated with Varicocele Surgery?

There are plenty of benefits of varicocele surgery. However, some risks are also associated with it which depend on many factors. If you experience any of these side effects, consult your doctor immediately and follow his instructions. 

Benefits of varicocele surgery

  • No scarring occurs
  • High rate of success after surgery
  • The doctors perform an outpatient operation
  • Recovery rate and time are usually shorter

Complications of varicocele surgery

  • Infection 
  • Artery damage
  • Blood collection around testicles
  • Chronic testicular pain
  • Fluid build-up around testicles

Recovery Factors

Yoga – The practice of certain yoga postures can divert the excess blood flow from enlarged veins. But try to take an expert’s help in this case, instead of trying on your own.

Varicocele embolization – It is a type of medical procedure that can reduce the coagulated blood in your scrotum. However, the risk of this medical procedure is higher compared to the surgery. 

Best Urologists in India

The varicocele surgery in India involves renowned doctors at a world level, that ensure quality treatment. Given below is the list of the top urologists in India:

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Is Varicocele Surgery Responsible for Erectile Dysfunction?

A. Bilateral varicocele is a grade 3 type of varicocele that is responsible for the reduction in testicular functions. Hence, it can cause erectile dysfunction and infertility in males.

Q. Does Masturbation Cause Varicocele?

A. Masturbation is not the root cause of varicocele. However, it may worsen the case of blood flow if one already has a varicocele.

Q. Is There a Limitation for Certain Food During Varicocele Surgery?

A. While you are going for your varicocele treatment, you should avoid the following food items:

  • Caffeine
  • Refined wheat flour
  • Animal fat
  • Alcohol
  • Sugar

Q. Is Surgery the Only Option to Treat Varicocele?

A. It depends upon the severity of the condition. There are other treatment methods like embolization and home-based treatment. But it is advisable to consult a doctor. He will suggest you the right treatment method.

Q. When You Should Consult a Urologist?

A. If the conditions like mild pain, scrotal swelling, and lower sperm count occur, immediately consult your doctor for proper treatment.

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