Meningioma Surgery Cost in India
A meningioma is a tumor found inside the skull on the membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord. These tumors usually originate on any of the three layers of the protective membrane. Meninges are a term used to describe these membranes.
The tumor can either be cancerous or non-cancerous. On the other hand, 90% of tumors, grow slowly. As a result, early detection may be difficult. Some meningiomas, however, are cancerous and can multiply. The rapid increase in the number of affected cells means it can spread to other parts of the body besides the central nervous system.
Meningioma usually affects the brain, however, it can also impact the spinal cord. Meningiomas do not have any symptoms at first, and they do not require rapid treatment. However, if the patient does not have the treatment at the appropriate time, serious complications may result. The spread of meningioma can be fatal if the situation is extremely complicated.
The average cost of meningioma surgery in India may vary depending on the hospitals in different cities and the techniques used for the surgery.
What is Meningioma?
Meningioma is a type of tumor that originates in the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. These tumors are usually benign, but they might be cancerous on occasion. A meningioma may compress the brain if left untreated, resulting in difficulties such as attention and memory problems, behavioral abnormalities, and seizures.
Meningiomas are more common in older women, but they can affect anyone at any age. Meningioma patients may encounter symptoms like headaches, vision issues, seizures, hearing loss, memory problems, nausea, and vomiting. The etiology of these tumors is unknown, however significant radiation exposure is a risk factor for their formation.
The majority of meningioma treatments in India necessitate removing the tumor and avoiding problems and the mass from growing too large. Meningiomas are normally treated with surgery, which is occasionally combined with radiation therapy.
What are the symptoms of Meningioma?
Signs and symptoms Meningioma usually appears gradually and can be extremely modest at first. Signs and symptoms vary depending on where the tumor is located in the brain or, in rare cases, the spine:
- Vision changes, such as double vision or blurriness
- Headaches, particularly those that worsen first thing in the morning
- Ringing in the ears or hearing loss
- Memory problems
- Loss of smell
- Your arms or legs are weak.
- Language barriers
Meningioma symptoms usually develop slowly, but in some cases, emergency treatment is required. Seek medical help right once if you have:
- Sudden onset of seizures
- Sudden changes in vision or memory
If you experience persistent signs and symptoms that concern you, such as headaches that increase over time, schedule an appointment with your healthcare professional.
Meningiomas are often identified as a result of imaging scans performed for causes that turn out to be unrelated to the tumor, such as a head injury, stroke, or migraines because they do not cause any visible signs or symptoms.
What are the causes of Meningioma?
The causes of meningioma are unknown. Doctors believe that something in your meninges causes some cells to proliferate out of control, resulting in a meningioma tumor.
It’s uncertain if this is due to inherited genes, hormones (which may explain why it occurs more frequently in women), the rare case of prior radiation exposure, or other causes. There is no evidence to back up the theory that meningiomas are caused by cell phone use.
Meningioma has several risk factors, including:
- Radiation Treatment
- Female hormones
- An inherited nervous system disorder
Long-term complications from a meningioma and its treatment, which often involves surgery and radiation therapy, include:
- Concentration problems
- Memory Loss
- Changes in personality
- Sensory Changes
- Language Difficulty
How the diagnosis of Meningioma is done?
Meningiomas can be difficult to diagnose for a variety of reasons. Because meningiomas are slow-growing tumors that typically afflict adults, symptoms may be so mild that the patient and/or doctor mistake them for normal aging indicators. The fact that some of the symptoms linked with meningiomas might also be caused by other medical disorders adds to the confusion. Misdiagnosis is prevalent, and it might take several years to get the right diagnosis.
Meningiomas can be diagnosed using advanced imaging techniques like CT or CAT scan and MRI. Intraoperative MRI is also utilized to guide tissue samples and tumor removal during surgery. The chemical profile of the tumor and the nature of the lesions shown on the MRI may be examined using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).
A biopsy is sometimes the only way to obtain a definitive diagnosis of meningioma. The biopsy is performed by a neurosurgeon in order to retrieve tissue for analysis by a neuropathologist in order to establish the diagnosis, decide if the tumor is benign or malignant, and prescribe an appropriate clinical management plan.
How Meningioma Surgery is Performed?
When it comes to aggressive or symptomatic conditions, meningioma surgery in India is usually the most effective treatment option. A craniotomy is a surgical procedure that entails opening the skull to remove a tumor. To access the afflicted area, an incision is created in the scalp, and then a portion of bone called a bone flap is removed.
The goal of surgery is to totally remove the meningioma, including the fibers that connect it to the brain and bone coverings. Complete removal, on the other hand, has severe hazards, particularly when the tumor has entered brain tissue or adjacent veins. The skull opening will be closed by restoring and reattaching the bone flap, and the scalp incision will be sutured once the tumor has been sufficiently removed.
Patients for whom complete tumor removal poses a high risk of morbidity. It could be preferable to leave some of the tumors alone and monitor their growth with regular imaging examinations.
In such circumstances, the patient would be monitored over time with regular examinations and MRIs, while radiation therapy may be the best option for other people. Patients frequently receive preoperative tumor embolization to assure their safety throughout the surgical process.
Observation over a period of time may be the appropriate course of action in patients who meet the following criteria:
- In patients who fit the following conditions, a period of observation may be the best course of action:
- Patients with minor symptoms and no swelling in the brain’s surrounding areas
- Patients with minor or no symptoms who had tumors for a long time and have had no impact on their quality of life
- Patients who are older and have symptoms that progress slowly
- Patients for whom therapy entails a substantial risk
- Patients who decline surgery despite being offered other treatment alternatives
High-energy X-rays are used in radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells and aberrant brain cells, as well as reduce tumors. If the tumor cannot be properly treated with surgery, radiation therapy may be a possibility.
- Standard External Beam Radiotherapy
- Stereotactic Radiosurgery (such as Gamma Knife and Cyberknife)
Even after therapy, the disease of meningioma has a significant possibility of recurrence. This is because, in many situations, total excision of tumors is not possible due to the risk of damaging brain cells. The surviving cells of tumors may develop over time, causing the condition to resurface. Surgery and radiotherapy are only partially effective in the treatment of meningioma. Such patients must adhere to the doctor’s recommendations and return for routine check-ups even after they have recovered. This is necessary in order to maintain track of the growth of tumor cells that could not be destroyed throughout the therapy process.
The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How effective is meningioma surgery?
A: The majority of meningiomas are benign, and once the tumor has been removed, individuals are usually considered surgically cured. Patients have a high rate of survival after surgery, with 5-year survival reaching 80% and 10- and 15-year survival also over 70%.
Q: How long does meningioma surgery take to recover from?
A: You will be restricted in your activities to allow your body to recover and mend following your surgery. Some patients can return to work as soon as 2-4 weeks after surgery, while others would require a 6-12 week recuperation period.
Q: Is craniotomy a dangerous procedure?
A: craniotomy is a type of brain surgery in which bone from the skull is temporarily removed to allow for brain repairs. It is a highly rigorous surgery with specific hazards, making it a serious procedure.
Q: Is your head shaved before brain surgery?
A:If you’re having a pituitary tumor surgically removed through the nose, you won’t need to shave your head. Your surgeon may just need to shave a little area at the back of your head for tumors in the brainstem or back region of the brain (cerebellum).
Q: How long can you walk after the brain surgery?
A: For the first four weeks after surgery, avoid strenuous exertion. You can walk to get some exercise. You can gradually resume your usual exercise regimen four weeks after surgery. A headache or tiredness is an indication that you are trying to do too much too fast.
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Experience: 22 years of experienceManipal Hospital Formerly Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore (Yeshwanthpur)