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The larynx, or voice box, is affected by laryngeal cancer. Voice alterations, such as hoarseness, and a persistent sore throat or cough are examples of laryngeal cancer symptoms. Laryngectomy surgery, which removes all or part of the larynx, may be used as a type of Laryngeal cancer treatment in India. By refraining from tobacco products, you can lower your chance of laryngeal cancer.

There are numerous reasons why foreign patients want to travel to India for cancer treatment. One of the main factors influencing their decision to travel huge distances for cancer treatment is the low cost of care in India.
The cost of laryngeal cancer treatment in India is very low as compared to other countries.

What Is Laryngeal Cancer?

Cancer of the larynx, a portion of the throat, is known as laryngeal cancer. Cancer develops when certain cells grow out of control. The body is invaded and damaged as the cells multiply. 

Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer in India is both effective and safe. These carcinogenic (malignant) cells begin in the larynx in laryngeal cancer (voice box).

Your voice may be impacted by this type of malignancy. It can spread to other parts of your body if not treated swiftly.

Cancer can emerge anywhere within the larynx, but it commonly starts in the glottis. The flat, scale-like squamous cells that surround the inner walls of the larynx are where most laryngeal tumors begin.

Laryngeal Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Laryngeal Cancer Treatment Cost in India between Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 7 Lakh (approximately $1000 to $8300). The price of the treatment will differ based on the treatment type in accordance with the patient’s condition.

Treatment Estimated Cost(USD) Estimated Cost(INR)
Chemotherapy $500 to $2500 41,000 to 2.1 Lakh
Radiation Therapy $2800 to $6000 2.3 Lakh to 5 Lakh
Targeted Therapy $1500 to $3500 1.25 Lakh to 3 Lakh
Immunotherapy $1200 to $4000 1 Lakh to 3.3 Lakh
Surgery $3500 to $8000 3 Lakh to 6.6 Lakh

Factors That Can Affect Laryngeal Cancer Treatment Cost in India

  • Standard single rooms, deluxe rooms, and super deluxe rooms for the given number of nights (including room charge, room service, nursing cost, and meals) also, the hospital, the patient chooses.
  • The type of treatment suggested by the oncologist.
  • Fee for the team of doctors and medicines
  • Standard test and diagnostic procedures.
  • Cost of the follow–up care required after the procedure.

What Is Larynx?

Your larynx has become lodged in your windpipe. The voice box is another name for this organ. The larynx is a structure that aids in speech, breathing, and swallowing. The larynx includes our vocal cords.

The larynx is primarily composed of cartilage, a flexible tissue that serves as structural support. The larynx is divided into three sections:

  • Supraglottis (upper part): The epiglottis and the upper section of the larynx above the vocal cords. This is where more than one-third of all laryngeal malignancies (35%) begin.
  • Glottis (middle part): The vocal cords are placed in the center of the larynx. More than half of laryngeal malignancies (60%) begin here.
  • Subglottis (lower part): Between the vocal cords and the trachea, the lower section of the larynx is located (windpipe). About 5% of laryngeal malignancies, or 1 in every 20 cases, begin here.

Squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the inside of the larynx, are where the majority of laryngeal malignancies develop. The cancer of the larynx is a form of head and neck cancer.

What Are The Risk Factors of Laryngeal Cancer?

The use of tobacco products, such as cigarettes, massively increases your chances of acquiring laryngeal cancer. Drinking alcohol heavily, especially if it’s a huge amount of it, increases your risk. Using smoke and alcohol together raises the danger much more.

Major factors that increase the risk of laryngeal cancer include:

  1. Age: Laryngeal cancer is more common in those aged 55 and up. 
  2. Gender: Men are more likely than women to acquire this cancer, presumably because men are more prone to smoke and drink heavily.
  3. History of Head and Neck Cancer: People who have had head and neck cancer before are around one in four (25%) likely to have it again.

Other Risk Factors Include:

  1. Vitamin deficiency and poor nutrition
  2. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  3. Workplace exposure to some chemicals, such as paint fumes and some compounds used in metalworking.
  4. Low immunity
  5. Genetic Factor

How Is Laryngeal Cancer Diagnosed?

  • A prominent bump on the exterior of the neck may indicate laryngeal cancer. In certain cases, a biopsy will be recommended to aid in the final diagnosis.
  • A laryngoscope may be used to assist diagnose laryngeal cancer or other head and neck tumors if a person’s symptoms suggest it. A laryngoscope is a small camera with a light on the end that allows a doctor to examine the mouth and throat.
  • A small, flexible scope is inserted into the nostril during fiber-optic nasal endoscopy. It gives specialists a clear view of the pharynx and larynx. This operation is usually performed in a clinic with the patient under local anesthesia.
  • To determine the extent or size of the tumor, a doctor may recommend a CT scan of the neck or head or an MRI. This can assist the doctor in determining whether or not cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the neck.

To confirm the diagnosis of cancer, scientists or technicians will do a pathological investigation of any tumors or tissues that appear abnormal.

If laryngeal cancer is confirmed by lab tests, doctors may conduct more tests to see if the disease has spread to other regions of the body.

Know More – Total Laryngectomy Voice Prosthesis – Laryngectomy

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Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer Depends on The Stages of Cancer.

Surgery or radiation therapy is the most common treatment for laryngeal cancer in India in the early stages.

An individual may require a combination of radiation and chemotherapy, or surgery followed by radiation, in the later stages.

laryngeal-cancer treatment

There are various options for Laryngeal Cancer Treatment in India available as per the location and size of the tumor.

  • Surgery: The malignant tumor and surrounding tissue are removed during surgery. A neck dissection may be performed by the surgeon to remove any malignant lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation kills cancer cells while also shrinking tumors. The doctor directs a beam of radiation at the tumor in the neck during external beam radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy: Before surgery, a medical team may use chemotherapy to shrink a huge tumor. This could help to improve surgical and cosmetic results.

Helpful – 

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The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Where Does Laryngeal Cancer Spread First?

A: The “jugular chain” of lymph nodes, which run along the side of the neck, are the first lymph nodes where cancer cells spread. They’re located in front of the major muscles on either side of the neck that contract when the head is turned to one side or the other.

Q: What Are the Two Most Important Risk Factors in Laryngeal Cancer?

A: Tobacco and alcohol consumption. Tobacco use is the leading cause of head and neck cancers (including laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers)…

  1. Infection with the human papillomavirus
  2. Excessive body fat
  3. Nutritional deficiencies
  4. Syndromes caused by genetic mutations
  5. Exposures at work
  6. Gender

Q: How Is Laryngeal Cancer Diagnosed?

A: Your doctor may use small instruments to extract a sample of cells from your larynx during a nasendoscopy or laryngoscopy so that it can be analysed for symptoms of malignancy. A biopsy is the medical term for this procedure. A needle and syringe can be used to remove a tissue sample from a lump in your neck.

Q: Where Can Laryngeal Cancer Spread To?

A: Cancer of the larynx develops in the tissues of the larynx (area of the throat that contains the vocal cords). The supraglottis, glottis (voice cords), and subglottis are all parts of the larynx. Cancer could expand to neighboring tissues, the thyroid, the trachea, or the oesophagus.

Q: Is Laryngeal Cancer the Same as Throat Cancer?

A: Throat cancer refers to cancer that starts in the throat (pharyngeal cancer) or in the voice box (vocal cancer) (laryngeal cancer). Despite the fact that most throat cancers involve the same types of cells, particular terminology is used to distinguish the location of cancer in the neck.

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