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Medulloblastoma treatment in India

Medulloblastoma is a type of cancerous tumor that affects the central nervous system (CNS). It develops in the cerebellum, which is located in the posterior fossa region of your brain. There are at least four types of medulloblastoma known to exist based on different types of gene mutations. Medulloblastoma is not inherited, but syndromes such as Gorlin’s syndrome or Turcot’s syndrome can increase the risk. Usually, treatment of Medulloblastoma includes surgery followed by either radiation or chemotherapy or sometimes both. Which are treated by the best doctor that is specialized in medulloblastoma. Medulloblastoma treatment in India is generally done with surgery, followed by either radiation or chemotherapy, or both. The inherited condition is treated by the best doctors in India who are medulloblastoma specialists.

The cost of medulloblastoma treatment in India is quite high, but it is less than one-third of the cost of the same procedure in the United States, Europe, and other countries. The average hospital stay is 4-6 days, and in India, it is approximately 3 weeks.

What Is Medulloblastoma?

Medulloblastoma is a cancerous (malignant) brain tumor that begins in the cerebellum, which is located in the tailbone of the brain. Muscle coordination, balance, and movement are all controlled by the cerebellum.

Medulloblastoma spreads to other parts of the brain and spinal cord via cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the fluid that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord. This tumor rarely spreads to other parts of the body.

Medulloblastoma can develop at any age, but it is most common in young children. Despite its rare commodity, medulloblastoma is the most common cancerous brain tumor in children. Children must be seen at a centre that has a team of pediatric specialists with expertise and experience in pediatric brain tumors, as well as access to cutting-edge technology and pediatric treatments.

There are four types of medulloblastoma:

  • Classical medulloblastoma
  • Anaplastic or large cell medulloblastoma.
  • Nodular or desmoplastic medulloblastoma 
  • Medulloblastoma with extension nodularity (MBEN)

Medulloblastoma can be grouped into 4 sub-types:

  • Subtype 1- wingless (WNT) medulloblastoma
  • Subtype 2- sonic hedgehog (SHH) medulloblastoma
  • Subtype 3- group 3 medulloblastoma
  • Subtype 4- group 4 medulloblastoma.

Consult your child’s doctor about the types of medulloblastoma that your child may have and the process for your child’s treatment.  

What Are the Symptoms of Medulloblastoma?

A child can have symptoms for weeks or months before they are diagnosed with medulloblastoma and most of the time the symptoms are general and non-specific. Symptoms  of medulloblastoma may include:

  • Headaches in the morning and night
  • Feeling or being sick – being sick frequently agitates headaches.
  • Eye problems and double vision
  • Finding it difficult to sit or stand unsupported – the child may frequently fall backward, and walking may become more difficult and appear different.
  • Being more fractious or irritable – it may take longer than usual to calm down your young child.
  • Appetite loss
  • A transition in behavior- less interaction with you or their siblings
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Controlling bladder and bowel function issues
  • Back pain.
  • Seizures.

Sometimes symptoms found during a young infant’s routine development check-up are a head circumference (i.e.increasing head size) of the infant or a soft spot on top of the skull (fontanelle) that might be swollen. The symptoms can be different depending on the child’s age and development.

What Are the Causes of Medulloblastoma Tumor?

The exact cause of medulloblastoma is unknown. However, there are some genetic conditions that may increase your or your child’s risk of developing the condition, such as:

  • BRCA1 gene mutations: The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes produce proteins that aid in the repair of damaged DNA. People who inherit certain variants of these genes are at a higher risk of developing a variety of cancers. These people are also more likely to get cancer at a younger age.
  • Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS): This hereditary condition, also known as Gorlin syndrome, is characterized by several basal cell skin cancers. NBCCS patients have a 5% chance of developing medulloblastoma.
  • Turcot syndrome: It is a hereditary disease characterized by colorectal (colon) cancer and primary brain tumors. Gene mutations are to blame. Turcot syndrome is characterized by colorectal cancer as well as a tumor in the central nervous system, such as a medulloblastoma or pituitary adenoma.

Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India

On average, Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India starts from USD 3,500. The price can vary depending on various factors. Furthermore, India is known to be a top medical tourism country and has the best doctors and hospitals that provide top-notch care for patients.

Types of Treatment Prices for Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India

Treatment Starting Price
Surgery USD 3,500
Chemotherapy USD 500
Radiation Therapy USD 1800
Targeted Therapy USD 400

Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in Different Parts of India

Cities Starting Price
Delhi USD 3,500
Gurgaon USD 3,500
Noida USD 3,500
Mumbai USD 3,800
Hyderabad USD 3,500
Chennai USD 3,500
Kolkata USD 3,500
Bangalore USD 3,800

Please keep in mind that prices of Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India will vary depending on various factors.

Factors That Can Affect Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India

The following here are some variables that can affect Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India:

  • Medication costs.
  • Duration of treatment.
  • Geographical location.
  • Hospitalization expenses.
  • Government policies and subsidies.
  • Medical tourism packages.
  • Hospital reputation and infrastructure.
  • The expertise and experience of medical professionals.
  • The type and frequency of diagnostic procedures.
  • The choice of treatment modality.

Even after eliminating the cost of hotel, meals, and transportation, the caliber and grade of medical care and amenities are on par with that of the world’s most renowned healthcare centers. Under the direction of the most skilled physicians, Medsurge India provides the lowest Medulloblastoma Treatment Cost in India for patients.

How Diagnosis of Medulloblastoma is Done?

The doctor will always begin the diagnosis with a review of the patient’s medical history and a discussion of the signs and symptoms. Many tests and procedures are used to diagnose medulloblastoma, including the following:

  • Tumor type suspected
  • Symptoms and signs in children
  • Age of the child and general age
  • And the outcomes of previous or previous medical tests

In addition to the physical examination, the following test can also be used to diagnose medulloblastoma:

  • Biopsy: A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for microscopic examination. The only way to make a definitive diagnosis is to examine the tumor tissue removed during a biopsy via surgery. A pathologist then examines the samples.
  • Surgical removal of the tumor: During surgery, the neurosurgeon removes as much of the tumor as possible. A pathologist examines a sample of the removed tissue.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests are used to help in determining the location and size of a brain tumor. These tests are absolutely essential because they can detect pressure or blockage in the CSF pathways. If necessary, a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be performed right away. They are frequently used to diagnose brain tumors. Perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy are also used as advanced techniques.
  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): A lumbar puncture is a procedure that uses a needle to extract a sample of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) to test for tumor markers, blood, cancer cells, or other abnormalities. After reducing brain pressure and removing the tumor, a lumbar puncture test is performed.

After all diagnoses and tests are done, doctors will review the result. If the diagnosis result comes as medulloblastoma, the given result will help to identify or describe the type of tumor. 

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How Treatment of Medulloblastoma is Done?

The treatment recommended for your situation is determined by a variety of factors, including your age, overall health, and the size of the tumor. Among the options are:

  • Surgery: Medulloblastoma surgery may be performed to relieve pressure on the brain or to remove the tumor. Because the tumor forms near structures deep within your brain, complete removal of the tumor is not always possible. Surgery, followed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both, is the most common treatment for medulloblastoma in India.
  • Chemotherapy: To kill cancer cells, drugs are either taken orally or injected into a vein. Chemotherapy can be administered following surgery, after radiation therapy, or in conjunction with radiation therapy. In some cases, a stem cell transplant is performed following chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy: This treatment kills cancer cells in your brain and spinal cord by using high-energy radiation beams. Specialists design and plan radiation therapy to target cancer cells while leaving healthy tissues alone. It is frequently used to treat brain tumors and childhood cancer.

The duration of treatment varies from person to person. Those who have any type of brain surgery typically require four to eight weeks to recover. Depending on the circumstances, chemotherapy or radiation therapy could last several weeks or months. Speak with your healthcare provider to learn more about your or your child’s estimated treatment time.

The best hospital for brain tumors in India provides high standards of medical care as compared to other nations with the same top-notch facilities around the world.

This price is subject to change based on a variety of factors. Some of the factors that may influence the overall cost of medulloblastoma treatment in India are as follows:

  • The choice of hospital
  • Surgeon’s experience
  • Type of surgery and technology used
  • Duration of stay in hospital

Top brain tumor surgery hospitals in India provide cost-effective health packages that allow international patients to save up to 60-80% of what they would have to spend in Western countries.

What Is the Survival Rate for Medulloblastoma?

Medulloblastoma has a five-year survival rate of more than 70%. This means that more than 70% of people diagnosed with medulloblastoma are still alive five years later. This figure is based on previous medulloblastoma case outcomes. Remember that survival rates cannot predict how long you or your child will live. Speak with your healthcare provider to learn more about survival rates or your potential outcome.

Suggestion

Many medulloblastoma patients can be cured of cancer with aggressive treatment. More than 80% of patients with “average risk” disease (defined as complete removal of the tumor and no signs of tumor spread to other parts of the central nervous system or body) who are treated with a combination of complete surgical removal of the tumor, radiation, and chemotherapy can be cured. Patients with “high risk” disease (the tumor has spread or cannot be removed completely with surgery) can still be cured, but their chances of survival are lower. Treatment is evolving for younger patients, who are more prone to complications from extensive radiation treatment. The goal is to find effective strategies that will hopefully save the patient’s life in the long run.

A brain tumor diagnosis is taxing on the mind, emotions, and spirit. And it’s unthinkable when it involves your child. However, there are effective treatments that provide hope. Inquire with your doctor about clinical trials, which are new treatments that may improve outcomes. Discuss the resources available to you with your healthcare provider, and consider joining a support group. Being in the company of others who are going through similar experiences can provide insight and comfort as you navigate this difficult time.

How Can Medsurge India Help?

Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. We’ll find the most suitable medical options for you. Regarding your medical issues, our team will give you a list of certified, reputable, and trusted doctors and hospitals. Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can a Patient with Medulloblastoma Survive?

A: It depends on the age and whether the disease has spread in the body. Almost 70% of kids with this disease survive at least 5 years.

Q: Why Do Kids Get Medulloblastoma?

A: Medulloblastoma develops from the embryonal cells which accidentally remain in the brain beyond early development. Although embryonal cells mature into specialized tissues and cells, they rarely become trapped in certain parts of the body like the brain, and develop into a tumor.

Q: Does Medulloblastoma Always Come Back?

A: Relapse can occur in approximately 30% of the patient and they are almost always fatal.

Q: Is Medulloblastoma Genetic?

A: Even though they are associated with chromosomal change, medulloblastoma is not inherited. 

Q: Is Medulloblastoma Terminal?

A: Even if treatments are successful for many children with a brain tumor, sometimes they are not. If medulloblastoma is not controlled or cured it is called advanced terminal medulloblastoma. Diagnosis is stressful and advanced medulloblastoma might be difficult to discuss.

Q: What Does Medulloblastoma Do to the Body?

A: Medulloblastoma can grow to block the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, which causes a buildup of fluids that puts pressure on the brain. Having surgery can create a pathway for the fluid to flow out of the brain.

Q: What Stage Is Medulloblastoma?

A: Medulloblastoma is usually diagnosed as a grade 3 or grade 4 tumor. This is more common in children than in adults. 

Q: Who Treats Medulloblastoma?

A: Medulloblastoma is treated by a team that includes radiologists, oncologists, neurosurgeons,  physical therapists, and other specialists who have extensive training and experience in brain tumors in children and young adults.

Q: Can Medulloblastoma Cause Death?

A: Medulloblastoma is one of the well-known CNS malignancies for a typical clinical presentation, which causes rapid neurological deterioration and death and especially in pediatric patients.

 

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